Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.31.12

अदृश्यंस्तत्र गात्राणि शरैश्छिन्नानि भागशः ।
शालस्कन्धनिकाशानि क्षत्रियाणां महामृधे ॥ १२ ॥

adṛśyaṃstatra gātrāṇi śaraiśchinnāni bhāgaśaḥ |
śālaskandhanikāśāni kṣatriyāṇāṃ mahāmṛdhe || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...weapons. Bearing such martial forms and possessed of arms resembling the trunk of mighty elephants, I can never persuade myself that they cannot fight.' Hearing these words of the king, Satanika...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adrishyat, Tatra, Gatra, Shara, Chinna, Bhagashah, Shalaskandha, Nikasha, Kshatriya, Mahamridha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.31.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adṛśyaṃstatra gātrāṇi śaraiśchinnāni bhāgaśaḥ
  • adṛśyaṃs -
  • adṛśyat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • gātrāṇi -
  • gātra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śaraiś -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • chinnāni -
  • chinna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhāgaśaḥ -
  • bhāgaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “śālaskandhanikāśāni kṣatriyāṇāṃ mahāmṛdhe
  • śālaskandha -
  • śālaskandha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nikāśāni -
  • nikāśa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kṣatriyāṇām -
  • kṣatriya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣatriya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣatriyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • mahāmṛdhe -
  • mahāmṛdha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.31.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.31.12 in Kannada sript:
ಅದೃಶ್ಯಂಸ್ತತ್ರ ಗಾತ್ರಾಣಿ ಶರೈಶ್ಛಿನ್ನಾನಿ ಭಾಗಶಃ ।
ಶಾಲಸ್ಕನ್ಧನಿಕಾಶಾನಿ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯಾಣಾಂ ಮಹಾಮೃಧೇ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.31.12 in Bengali sript:
অদৃশ্যংস্তত্র গাত্রাণি শরৈশ্ছিন্নানি ভাগশঃ ।
শালস্কন্ধনিকাশানি ক্ষত্রিযাণাং মহামৃধে ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.31.12 in Gujarati sript:
અદૃશ્યંસ્તત્ર ગાત્રાણિ શરૈશ્છિન્નાનિ ભાગશઃ ।
શાલસ્કન્ધનિકાશાનિ ક્ષત્રિયાણાં મહામૃધે ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.31.12 in Malayalam sript:
അദൃശ്യംസ്തത്ര ഗാത്രാണി ശരൈശ്ഛിന്നാനി ഭാഗശഃ ।
ശാലസ്കന്ധനികാശാനി ക്ഷത്രിയാണാം മഹാമൃധേ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 4.31.12 in Telugu sript:
అదృశ్యంస్తత్ర గాత్రాణి శరైశ్ఛిన్నాని భాగశః ।
శాలస్కన్ధనికాశాని క్షత్రియాణాం మహామృధే ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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