Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.16.8

वीणेव मधुराभाषा गान्धारं साधु मूर्च्छिता ।
अभ्यभाषत पाञ्चाली भीमसेनमनिन्दिता ॥ ८ ॥

vīṇeva madhurābhāṣā gāndhāraṃ sādhu mūrcchitā |
abhyabhāṣata pāñcālī bhīmasenamaninditā || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...for you. Come, sitting upon it do you drink with me the wine prepared from the honey flower.' Hearing these words, Draupadi said, 'I have been sent to you by the princess for taking away wine...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.16.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vina, Iva, Madhura, Abhasha, Gandhara, Sadhu, Abhi, Pancali, Bhimasena, Anindita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.16.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vīṇeva madhurābhāṣā gāndhāraṃ sādhu mūrcchitā
  • vīṇe -
  • vīṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • madhurā -
  • madhura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    madhura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    madhurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhāṣā* -
  • abhāṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gāndhāram -
  • gāndhāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gāndhāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gāndhārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sādhu -
  • sādhu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sādhu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse mūrcchitā
  • Line 2: “abhyabhāṣata pāñcālī bhīmasenamaninditā
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]
  • pāñcālī -
  • pāñcālī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pāñcāli (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhīmasenam -
  • bhīmasena (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • aninditā -
  • aninditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.16.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.16.8 in Kannada sript:
ವೀಣೇವ ಮಧುರಾಭಾಷಾ ಗಾನ್ಧಾರಂ ಸಾಧು ಮೂರ್ಚ್ಛಿತಾ ।
ಅಭ್ಯಭಾಷತ ಪಾಞ್ಚಾಲೀ ಭೀಮಸೇನಮನಿನ್ದಿತಾ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.16.8 in Bengali sript:
বীণেব মধুরাভাষা গান্ধারং সাধু মূর্চ্ছিতা ।
অভ্যভাষত পাঞ্চালী ভীমসেনমনিন্দিতা ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.16.8 in Gujarati sript:
વીણેવ મધુરાભાષા ગાન્ધારં સાધુ મૂર્ચ્છિતા ।
અભ્યભાષત પાઞ્ચાલી ભીમસેનમનિન્દિતા ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.16.8 in Malayalam sript:
വീണേവ മധുരാഭാഷാ ഗാന്ധാരം സാധു മൂര്ച്ഛിതാ ।
അഭ്യഭാഷത പാഞ്ചാലീ ഭീമസേനമനിന്ദിതാ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 4.16.8 in Telugu sript:
వీణేవ మధురాభాషా గాన్ధారం సాధు మూర్చ్ఛితా ।
అభ్యభాషత పాఞ్చాలీ భీమసేనమనిన్దితా ॥ ౮ ॥

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