Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.12.3

युधिष्ठिरः सभास्तारः सभ्यानामभवत्प्रियः ।
तथैव च विराटस्य सपुत्रस्य विशां पते ॥ ३ ॥

yudhiṣṭhiraḥ sabhāstāraḥ sabhyānāmabhavatpriyaḥ |
tathaiva ca virāṭasya saputrasya viśāṃ pate || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...various ministers forthwith caused him to be examined by women. And learning that this impotency was of a permanent nature, he sent him to the maiden’s apartments. And there the mighty Arjuna began...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.12.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yudhishthira, Sabhastara, Sabhya, Pri, Priya, Tatha, Virata, Saputra, Visha, Vish, Pat, Pata, Pati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.12.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yudhiṣṭhiraḥ sabhāstāraḥ sabhyānāmabhavatpriyaḥ
  • yudhiṣṭhiraḥ -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sabhāstāraḥ -
  • sabhāstāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sabhyānām -
  • sabhya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sabhya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sabhyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • abhavat -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • priyaḥ -
  • prī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    prī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    priya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tathaiva ca virāṭasya saputrasya viśāṃ pate
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • virāṭasya -
  • virāṭa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • saputrasya -
  • saputra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    saputra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • viśām -
  • viśā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    viś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • pate -
  • pat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    pat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    pata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    patā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    pati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.12.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.3 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಃ ಸಭಾಸ್ತಾರಃ ಸಭ್ಯಾನಾಮಭವತ್ಪ್ರಿಯಃ ।
ತಥೈವ ಚ ವಿರಾಟಸ್ಯ ಸಪುತ್ರಸ್ಯ ವಿಶಾಂ ಪತೇ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.3 in Bengali sript:
যুধিষ্ঠিরঃ সভাস্তারঃ সভ্যানামভবত্প্রিযঃ ।
তথৈব চ বিরাটস্য সপুত্রস্য বিশাং পতে ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.3 in Gujarati sript:
યુધિષ્ઠિરઃ સભાસ્તારઃ સભ્યાનામભવત્પ્રિયઃ ।
તથૈવ ચ વિરાટસ્ય સપુત્રસ્ય વિશાં પતે ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.3 in Malayalam sript:
യുധിഷ്ഠിരഃ സഭാസ്താരഃ സഭ്യാനാമഭവത്പ്രിയഃ ।
തഥൈവ ച വിരാടസ്യ സപുത്രസ്യ വിശാം പതേ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.3 in Telugu sript:
యుధిష్ఠిరః సభాస్తారః సభ్యానామభవత్ప్రియః ।
తథైవ చ విరాటస్య సపుత్రస్య విశాం పతే ॥ ౩ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: