Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.8.30

यो हि मां पुरुषो गृध्येद्यथान्याः प्राकृतस्त्रियः ।
तामेव स ततो रात्रिं प्रविशेदपरां तनुम् ॥ ३० ॥

yo hi māṃ puruṣo gṛdhyedyathānyāḥ prākṛtastriyaḥ |
tāmeva sa tato rātriṃ praviśedaparāṃ tanum || 30 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...and your navel deep, and your words solemn. And your great toes, and bust and hips, and back and sides, and toe-nails, and palms are all well-developed. And your palms, soles, and face are ruddy...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.8.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Asmad, Purusha, Yatha, Ani, Anya, Prakrita, Tri, Tama, Tami, Iva, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Rat, Pra, Apara, Tanu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.8.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo hi māṃ puruṣo gṛdhyedyathānyāḥ prākṛtastriyaḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • mām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • puruṣo* -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gṛdhyed -
  • gṛdh (verb class 4)
    [optative active third single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • anyāḥ -
  • anī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    anyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    an (verb class 2)
    [optative active second single]
  • prākṛtas -
  • prākṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tri -
  • tṛ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • iyaḥ -
  • ī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “tāmeva sa tato rātriṃ praviśedaparāṃ tanum
  • tāme -
  • tāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    tāmi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • rāt -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    -> rāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • rim -
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • viśed -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [optative active third single]
  • aparām -
  • aparā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tanum -
  • tanu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.8.30

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.8.30 in Kannada sript:
ಯೋ ಹಿ ಮಾಂ ಪುರುಷೋ ಗೃಧ್ಯೇದ್ಯಥಾನ್ಯಾಃ ಪ್ರಾಕೃತಸ್ತ್ರಿಯಃ ।
ತಾಮೇವ ಸ ತತೋ ರಾತ್ರಿಂ ಪ್ರವಿಶೇದಪರಾಂ ತನುಮ್ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.8.30 in Bengali sript:
যো হি মাং পুরুষো গৃধ্যেদ্যথান্যাঃ প্রাকৃতস্ত্রিযঃ ।
তামেব স ততো রাত্রিং প্রবিশেদপরাং তনুম্ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.8.30 in Gujarati sript:
યો હિ માં પુરુષો ગૃધ્યેદ્યથાન્યાઃ પ્રાકૃતસ્ત્રિયઃ ।
તામેવ સ તતો રાત્રિં પ્રવિશેદપરાં તનુમ્ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.8.30 in Malayalam sript:
യോ ഹി മാം പുരുഷോ ഗൃധ്യേദ്യഥാന്യാഃ പ്രാകൃതസ്ത്രിയഃ ।
താമേവ സ തതോ രാത്രിം പ്രവിശേദപരാം തനുമ് ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.8.30 in Telugu sript:
యో హి మాం పురుషో గృధ్యేద్యథాన్యాః ప్రాకృతస్త్రియః ।
తామేవ స తతో రాత్రిం ప్రవిశేదపరాం తనుమ్ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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