Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.1.10

एतेषां कतमो राजन्निवासस्तव रोचते ।
वत्स्यामो यत्र राजेन्द्र संवत्सरमिमं वयम् ॥ १० ॥

eteṣāṃ katamo rājannivāsastava rocate |
vatsyāmo yatra rājendra saṃvatsaramimaṃ vayam || 10 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...this year?" Yudhishthira said "O them of mighty arms, it is even so. What that adorable Lord of all creatures has said must become true. Surely, after consulting together, we must select some...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.1.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Esha, Kata, Rajan, Rajat, Iva, Yatra, Rajendra, Samvatsara, Idam, Vaya, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.1.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eteṣāṃ katamo rājannivāsastava rocate
  • eteṣām -
  • etad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • katam -
  • kata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • o* -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • rājann -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • asasta -
  • sas (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rocate -
  • ruc (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • Line 2: “vatsyāmo yatra rājendra saṃvatsaramimaṃ vayam
  • vatsyāmo* -
  • vas (verb class 1)
    [future active first plural]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājendra -
  • rājendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃvatsaram -
  • saṃvatsara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • imam -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vayam -
  • vaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vayā (noun, feminine)
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.1.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.1.10 in Kannada sript:
ಏತೇಷಾಂ ಕತಮೋ ರಾಜನ್ನಿವಾಸಸ್ತವ ರೋಚತೇ ।
ವತ್ಸ್ಯಾಮೋ ಯತ್ರ ರಾಜೇನ್ದ್ರ ಸಂವತ್ಸರಮಿಮಂ ವಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.1.10 in Bengali sript:
এতেষাং কতমো রাজন্নিবাসস্তব রোচতে ।
বত্স্যামো যত্র রাজেন্দ্র সংবত্সরমিমং বযম্ ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.1.10 in Gujarati sript:
એતેષાં કતમો રાજન્નિવાસસ્તવ રોચતે ।
વત્સ્યામો યત્ર રાજેન્દ્ર સંવત્સરમિમં વયમ્ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.1.10 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതേഷാം കതമോ രാജന്നിവാസസ്തവ രോചതേ ।
വത്സ്യാമോ യത്ര രാജേന്ദ്ര സംവത്സരമിമം വയമ് ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 4.1.10 in Telugu sript:
ఏతేషాం కతమో రాజన్నివాసస్తవ రోచతే ।
వత్స్యామో యత్ర రాజేన్ద్ర సంవత్సరమిమం వయమ్ ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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