Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.222.2

चिरस्य दृष्ट्वा राजेन्द्र तेऽन्योन्यस्य प्रियंवदे ।
कथयामासतुश्चित्राः कथाः कुरुयदुक्षिताम् ॥ २ ॥

cirasya dṛṣṭvā rājendra te'nyonyasya priyaṃvade |
kathayāmāsatuścitrāḥ kathāḥ kuruyadukṣitām || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...lion attacking a herd of deer. And when Indra and the other celestials observed that Mahisha was advancing to the charge, they fled, leaving behind their arms and colours. And Mahisha...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.222.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Cira, Rajendra, Tad, Yushmad, Anyonya, Priyamvada, Citra, Katha, Kshit, Kshita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.222.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “cirasya dṛṣṭvā rājendra te'nyonyasya priyaṃvade
  • cirasya -
  • cira (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    cira (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • rājendra -
  • rājendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te' -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • anyonyasya -
  • anyonya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    anyonya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • priyaṃvade -
  • priyaṃvada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    priyaṃvada (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    priyaṃvadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “kathayāmāsatuścitrāḥ kathāḥ kuruyadukṣitām
  • kathayāmā -
  • kath (verb class 10)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • āsatuś -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third dual]
    as (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • citrāḥ -
  • citra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    citrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kathāḥ -
  • kathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kuru -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yadu -
  • yadu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • kṣitām -
  • kṣit (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣit (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    kṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    kṣī -> kṣitā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √kṣī class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṣī class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṣī class 9 verb]
    kṣi (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.222.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.222.2 in Kannada sript:
ಚಿರಸ್ಯ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ರಾಜೇನ್ದ್ರ ತೇಽನ್ಯೋನ್ಯಸ್ಯ ಪ್ರಿಯಂವದೇ ।
ಕಥಯಾಮಾಸತುಶ್ಚಿತ್ರಾಃ ಕಥಾಃ ಕುರುಯದುಕ್ಷಿತಾಮ್ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.222.2 in Bengali sript:
চিরস্য দৃষ্ট্বা রাজেন্দ্র তেঽন্যোন্যস্য প্রিযংবদে ।
কথযামাসতুশ্চিত্রাঃ কথাঃ কুরুযদুক্ষিতাম্ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.222.2 in Gujarati sript:
ચિરસ્ય દૃષ્ટ્વા રાજેન્દ્ર તેઽન્યોન્યસ્ય પ્રિયંવદે ।
કથયામાસતુશ્ચિત્રાઃ કથાઃ કુરુયદુક્ષિતામ્ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.222.2 in Malayalam sript:
ചിരസ്യ ദൃഷ്ട്വാ രാജേന്ദ്ര തേഽന്യോന്യസ്യ പ്രിയംവദേ ।
കഥയാമാസതുശ്ചിത്രാഃ കഥാഃ കുരുയദുക്ഷിതാമ് ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.222.2 in Telugu sript:
చిరస్య దృష్ట్వా రాజేన్ద్ర తేఽన్యోన్యస్య ప్రియంవదే ।
కథయామాసతుశ్చిత్రాః కథాః కురుయదుక్షితామ్ ॥ ౨ ॥

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