Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
śriyā juṣṭaṃ mahāsenaṃ devasenāpatiṃ kṛtam |
saptarṣipatnyaḥ ṣaḍdevyastatsakāśamathāgaman || 1 ||
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ṛṣibhiḥ saṃparityaktā dharmayuktā mahāvratāḥ |
drutamāgamya cocustā devasenāpatiṃ prabhum || 2 ||
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vayaṃ putra parityaktā bhartṛbhirdevasaṃmitaiḥ |
akāraṇādruṣā tāta puṇyasthānātparicyutāḥ || 3 ||
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asmābhiḥ kila jātastvamiti kenāpyudāhṛtam |
asatyametatsaṃśrutya tasmānnastrātumarhasi || 4 ||
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akṣayaśca bhavetsvargastvatprasādāddhi naḥ prabho |
tvāṃ putraṃ cāpyabhīpsāmaḥ kṛtvaitadanṛṇo bhava || 5 ||
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skanda uvāca |
mātaro hi bhavatyo me suto vo'hamaninditāḥ |
yaccābhīpsatha tatsarvaṃ saṃbhaviṣyati vastathā || 6 ||
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mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
evamukte tataḥ śakraṃ kiṃ kāryamiti so'bravīt |
uktaḥ skandena brūhīti so'bravīdvāsavastataḥ || 7 ||
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abhijitspardhamānā tu rohiṇyā kanyasī svasā |
icchantī jyeṣṭhatāṃ devī tapastaptuṃ vanaṃ gatā || 8 ||
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tatra mūḍho'smi bhadraṃ te nakṣatraṃ gaganāccyutam |
kālaṃ tvimaṃ paraṃ skanda brahmaṇā saha cintaya || 9 ||
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dhaniṣṭhādistadā kālo brahmaṇā parinirmitaḥ |
rohiṇyādyo'bhavatpūrvamevaṃ saṃkhyā samābhavat || 10 ||
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evamukte tu śakreṇa tridivaṃ kṛttikā gatāḥ |
nakṣatraṃ śakaṭākāraṃ bhāti tadvahnidaivatam || 11 ||
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vinatā cābravītskandaṃ mama tvaṃ piṇḍadaḥ sutaḥ |
icchāmi nityamevāhaṃ tvayā putra sahāsitum || 12 ||
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skanda uvāca |
evamastu namaste'stu putrasnehātpraśādhi mām |
snuṣayā pūjyamānā vai devi vatsyasi nityadā || 13 ||
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mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
atha mātṛgaṇaḥ sarvaḥ skandaṃ vacanamabravīt |
vayaṃ sarvasya lokasya mātaraḥ kavibhiḥ stutāḥ |
icchāmo mātarastubhyaṃ bhavituṃ pūjayasva naḥ || 14 ||
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skanda uvāca |
mātarastu bhavatyo me bhavatīnāmahaṃ sutaḥ |
ucyatāṃ yanmayā kāryaṃ bhavatīnāmathepsitam || 15 ||
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mātara ūcuḥ |
yāstu tā mātaraḥ pūrvaṃ lokasyāsya prakalpitāḥ |
asmākaṃ tadbhavetsthānaṃ tāsāṃ caiva na tadbhavet || 16 ||
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bhavema pūjyā lokasya na tāḥ pūjyāḥ surarṣabha |
prajāsmākaṃ hṛtāstābhistvatkṛte tāḥ prayaccha naḥ || 17 ||
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skanda uvāca |
dattāḥ prajā na tāḥ śakyā bhavatībhirniṣevitum |
anyāṃ vaḥ kāṃ prayacchāmi prajāṃ yāṃ manasecchatha || 18 ||
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mātara ūcuḥ |
icchāma tāsāṃ mātṝṇāṃ prajā bhoktuṃ prayaccha naḥ |
tvayā saha pṛthagbhūtā ye ca tāsāmatheśvarāḥ || 19 ||
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skanda uvāca |
prajā vo dadmi kaṣṭaṃ tu bhavatībhirudāhṛtam |
parirakṣata bhadraṃ vaḥ prajāḥ sādhu namaskṛtāḥ || 20 ||
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mātara ūcuḥ |
parirakṣāma bhadraṃ te prajāḥ skanda yathecchasi |
tvayā no rocate skanda sahavāsaściraṃ prabho || 21 ||
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skanda uvāca |
yāvatṣoḍaśa varṣāṇi bhavanti taruṇāḥ prajāḥ |
prabādhata manuṣyāṇāṃ tāvadrūpaiḥ pṛthagvidhaiḥ || 22 ||
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ahaṃ ca vaḥ pradāsyāmi raudramātmānamavyayam |
paramaṃ tena sahitā sukhaṃ vatsyatha pūjitāḥ || 23 ||
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mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
tataḥ śarīrātskandasya puruṣaḥ kāñcanaprabhaḥ |
bhoktuṃ prajāḥ sa martyānāṃ niṣpapāta mahābalaḥ || 24 ||
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apatatsa tadā bhūmau visaṃjño'tha kṣudhānvitaḥ |
skandena so'bhyanujñāto raudrarūpo'bhavadgrahaḥ |
skandāpasmāramityāhurgrahaṃ taṃ dvijasattamāḥ || 25 ||
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vinatā tu mahāraudrā kathyate śakunigrahaḥ |
pūtanāṃ rākṣasīṃ prāhustaṃ vidyātpūtanāgraham || 26 ||
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kaṣṭā dāruṇarūpeṇa ghorarūpā niśācarī |
piśācī dāruṇākārā kathyate śītapūtanā |
garbhānsā mānuṣīṇāṃ tu harate ghoradarśanā || 27 ||
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aditiṃ revatīṃ prāhurgrahastasyāstu raivataḥ |
so'pi bālāñśiśūnghoro bādhate vai mahāgrahaḥ || 28 ||
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daityānāṃ yā ditirmātā tāmāhurmukhamaṇḍikām |
atyarthaṃ śiśumāṃsena saṃprahṛṣṭā durāsadā || 29 ||
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kumārāśca kumāryaśca ye proktāḥ skandasaṃbhavāḥ |
te'pi garbhabhujaḥ sarve kauravya sumahāgrahāḥ || 30 ||
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tāsāmeva kumārīṇāṃ patayaste prakīrtitāḥ |
ajñāyamānā gṛhṇanti bālakānraudrakarmiṇaḥ || 31 ||
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gavāṃ mātā tu yā prājñaiḥ kathyate surabhirnṛpa |
śakunistāmathāruhya saha bhuṅkte śiśūnbhuvi || 32 ||
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saramā nāma yā mātā śunāṃ devī janādhipa |
sāpi garbhānsamādatte mānuṣīṇāṃ sadaiva hi || 33 ||
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pādapānāṃ ca yā mātā karañjanilayā hi sā |
karañje tāṃ namasyanti tasmātputrārthino narāḥ || 34 ||
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ime tvaṣṭādaśānye vai grahā māṃsamadhupriyāḥ |
dvipañcarātraṃ tiṣṭhanti satataṃ sūtikāgṛhe || 35 ||
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kadrūḥ sūkṣmavapurbhūtvā garbhiṇīṃ praviśedyadā |
bhuṅkte sā tatra taṃ garbhaṃ sā tu nāgaṃ prasūyate || 36 ||
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gandharvāṇāṃ tu yā mātā sā garbhaṃ gṛhya gacchati |
tato vilīnagarbhā sā mānuṣī bhuvi dṛśyate || 37 ||
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yā janitrī tvapsarasāṃ garbhamāste pragṛhya sā |
upaviṣṭaṃ tato garbhaṃ kathayanti manīṣiṇaḥ || 38 ||
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lohitasyodadheḥ kanyā dhātrī skandasya sā smṛtā |
lohitāyanirityevaṃ kadambe sā hi pūjyate || 39 ||
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puruṣeṣu yathā rudrastathāryā pramadāsvapi |
āryā mātā kumārasya pṛthakkāmārthamijyate || 40 ||
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evamete kumārāṇāṃ mayā proktā mahāgrahāḥ |
yāvatṣoḍaśa varṣāṇi aśivāste śivāstataḥ || 41 ||
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ye ca mātṛgaṇāḥ proktāḥ puruṣāścaiva ye grahāḥ |
sarve skandagrahā nāma jñeyā nityaṃ śarīribhiḥ || 42 ||
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teṣāṃ praśamanaṃ kāryaṃ snānaṃ dhūpamathāñjanam |
balikarmopahāraśca skandasyejyā viśeṣataḥ || 43 ||
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evamete'rcitāḥ sarve prayacchanti śubhaṃ nṛṇām |
āyurvīryaṃ ca rājendra samyakpūjānamaskṛtāḥ || 44 ||
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ūrdhvaṃ tu ṣoḍaśādvarṣādye bhavanti grahā nṛṇām |
tānahaṃ saṃpravakṣyāmi namaskṛtya maheśvaram || 45 ||
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yaḥ paśyati naro devāñjāgradvā śayito'pi vā |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ taṃ tu devagrahaṃ viduḥ || 46 ||
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āsīnaśca śayānaśca yaḥ paśyati naraḥ pitṝn |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ sa jñeyastu pitṛgrahaḥ || 47 ||
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avamanyati yaḥ siddhānkruddhāścāpi śapanti yam |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ jñeyaḥ siddhagrahastu saḥ || 48 ||
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upāghrāti ca yo gandhānrasāṃścāpi pṛthagvidhān |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ sa jñeyo rākṣaso grahaḥ || 49 ||
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gandharvāścāpi yaṃ divyāḥ saṃspṛśanti naraṃ bhuvi |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ graho gāndharva eva saḥ || 50 ||
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āviśanti ca yaṃ yakṣāḥ puruṣaṃ kālaparyaye |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ jñeyo yakṣagrahastu saḥ || 51 ||
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adhirohanti yaṃ nityaṃ piśācāḥ puruṣaṃ kvacit |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ paiśācaṃ taṃ grahaṃ viduḥ || 52 ||
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yasya doṣaiḥ prakupitaṃ cittaṃ muhyati dehinaḥ |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ sādhanaṃ tasya śāstrataḥ || 53 ||
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vaiklavyācca bhayāccaiva ghorāṇāṃ cāpi darśanāt |
unmādyati sa tu kṣipraṃ sattvaṃ tasya tu sādhanam || 54 ||
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kaścitkrīḍitukāmo vai bhoktukāmastathāparaḥ |
abhikāmastathaivānya ityeṣa trividho grahaḥ || 55 ||
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yāvatsaptativarṣāṇi bhavantyete grahā nṛṇām |
ataḥ paraṃ dehināṃ tu grahatulyo bhavejjvaraḥ || 56 ||
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aprakīrṇendriyaṃ dāntaṃ śuciṃ nityamatandritam |
āstikaṃ śraddadhānaṃ ca varjayanti sadā grahāḥ || 57 ||
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ityeṣa te grahoddeśo mānuṣāṇāṃ prakīrtitaḥ |
na spṛśanti grahā bhaktānnarāndevaṃ maheśvaram || 58 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 219

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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