Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.202.10

आनुपूर्व्या विनश्यन्ति जायन्ते चानुपूर्वशः ।
तत्र तत्र हि दृश्यन्ते धातवः पाञ्चभौतिकाः ।
यैरावृतमिदं सर्वं जगत्स्थावरजङ्गमम् ॥ १० ॥

ānupūrvyā vinaśyanti jāyante cānupūrvaśaḥ |
tatra tatra hi dṛśyante dhātavaḥ pāñcabhautikāḥ |
yairāvṛtamidaṃ sarvaṃ jagatsthāvarajaṅgamam || 10 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...persons are baffled in their efforts, and do not attain the fruits of their actions. On the other hand, persons who are always active in injuring others and in practising deception on...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.202.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Anupurvi, Anupurvya, Vina, Shyat, Shyanti, Jayanta, Anupurvashah, Tatra, Dhatu, Pancabhautika, Yah, Yat, Avrit, Avrita, Idam, Sarvam, Sarva, Jagat, Sthavarajangama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.202.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ānupūrvyā vinaśyanti jāyante cānupūrvaśaḥ
  • ānupūrvyā* -
  • ānupūrvī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ānupūrvyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vina -
  • vina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śyanti -
  • śā -> śyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śā class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √śā class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā -> śyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [present active third plural]
  • jāyante -
  • jāyanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • anupūrvaśaḥ -
  • anupūrvaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “tatra tatra hi dṛśyante dhātavaḥ pāñcabhautikāḥ
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dṛśyante -
  • dṛś (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
  • dhātavaḥ -
  • dhātu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dhātu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • pāñcabhautikāḥ -
  • pāñcabhautika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 3: “yairāvṛtamidaṃ sarvaṃ jagatsthāvarajaṅgamam
  • yair -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • āvṛtam -
  • āvṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āvṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āvṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    āvṛt (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • jagat -
  • jagat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jagat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sthāvarajaṅgamam -
  • sthāvarajaṅgama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.202.10

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.202.10 in Kannada sript:
ಆನುಪೂರ್ವ್ಯಾ ವಿನಶ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ಚಾನುಪೂರ್ವಶಃ ।
ತತ್ರ ತತ್ರ ಹಿ ದೃಶ್ಯನ್ತೇ ಧಾತವಃ ಪಾಞ್ಚಭೌತಿಕಾಃ ।
ಯೈರಾವೃತಮಿದಂ ಸರ್ವಂ ಜಗತ್ಸ್ಥಾವರಜಙ್ಗಮಮ್ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.202.10 in Bengali sript:
আনুপূর্ব্যা বিনশ্যন্তি জাযন্তে চানুপূর্বশঃ ।
তত্র তত্র হি দৃশ্যন্তে ধাতবঃ পাঞ্চভৌতিকাঃ ।
যৈরাবৃতমিদং সর্বং জগত্স্থাবরজঙ্গমম্ ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.202.10 in Gujarati sript:
આનુપૂર્વ્યા વિનશ્યન્તિ જાયન્તે ચાનુપૂર્વશઃ ।
તત્ર તત્ર હિ દૃશ્યન્તે ધાતવઃ પાઞ્ચભૌતિકાઃ ।
યૈરાવૃતમિદં સર્વં જગત્સ્થાવરજઙ્ગમમ્ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.202.10 in Malayalam sript:
ആനുപൂര്വ്യാ വിനശ്യന്തി ജായന്തേ ചാനുപൂര്വശഃ ।
തത്ര തത്ര ഹി ദൃശ്യന്തേ ധാതവഃ പാഞ്ചഭൌതികാഃ ।
യൈരാവൃതമിദം സര്വം ജഗത്സ്ഥാവരജങ്ഗമമ് ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.202.10 in Telugu sript:
ఆనుపూర్వ్యా వినశ్యన్తి జాయన్తే చానుపూర్వశః ।
తత్ర తత్ర హి దృశ్యన్తే ధాతవః పాఞ్చభౌతికాః ।
యైరావృతమిదం సర్వం జగత్స్థావరజఙ్గమమ్ ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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