Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.196.12

क्षत्रधर्मसमाचारं तथ्यं चाख्याहि मे द्विज ।
धर्मः सुदुर्लभो विप्र नृशंसेन दुरात्मना ॥ १२ ॥

kṣatradharmasamācāraṃ tathyaṃ cākhyāhi me dvija |
dharmaḥ sudurlabho vipra nṛśaṃsena durātmanā || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Hari of wondrous frame, possessed of great lustre and decked with a crown and the Kaustubha gem and attired in purple silk, lay stretched for many a yojana on that excellent bed furnished...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.196.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kshatradharma, Kshatradharman, Samacara, Tathya, Asmad, Dvija, Dharma, Sudurlabha, Vipra, Nrishamsa, Duratman, Duratmana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.196.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kṣatradharmasamācāraṃ tathyaṃ cākhyāhi me dvija
  • kṣatradharma -
  • kṣatradharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣatradharman (noun, masculine)
    kṣatradharman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • samācāram -
  • samācāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    samācāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samācārā (noun, feminine)
  • tathyam -
  • tathya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tathya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tathyā (noun, feminine)
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • khyāhi -
  • khyā (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dvija -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “dharmaḥ sudurlabho vipra nṛśaṃsena durātmanā
  • dharmaḥ -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sudurlabho* -
  • sudurlabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vipra -
  • vipra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vipra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nṛśaṃsena -
  • nṛśaṃsa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    nṛśaṃsa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • durātmanā -
  • durātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    durātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    durātmanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.196.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.196.12 in Kannada sript:
ಕ್ಷತ್ರಧರ್ಮಸಮಾಚಾರಂ ತಥ್ಯಂ ಚಾಖ್ಯಾಹಿ ಮೇ ದ್ವಿಜ ।
ಧರ್ಮಃ ಸುದುರ್ಲಭೋ ವಿಪ್ರ ನೃಶಂಸೇನ ದುರಾತ್ಮನಾ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.196.12 in Bengali sript:
ক্ষত্রধর্মসমাচারং তথ্যং চাখ্যাহি মে দ্বিজ ।
ধর্মঃ সুদুর্লভো বিপ্র নৃশংসেন দুরাত্মনা ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.196.12 in Gujarati sript:
ક્ષત્રધર્મસમાચારં તથ્યં ચાખ્યાહિ મે દ્વિજ ।
ધર્મઃ સુદુર્લભો વિપ્ર નૃશંસેન દુરાત્મના ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.196.12 in Malayalam sript:
ക്ഷത്രധര്മസമാചാരം തഥ്യം ചാഖ്യാഹി മേ ദ്വിജ ।
ധര്മഃ സുദുര്ലഭോ വിപ്ര നൃശംസേന ദുരാത്മനാ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.196.12 in Telugu sript:
క్షత్రధర్మసమాచారం తథ్యం చాఖ్యాహి మే ద్విజ ।
ధర్మః సుదుర్లభో విప్ర నృశంసేన దురాత్మనా ॥ ౧౨ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: