Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.183.4

तं भार्या प्रत्युवाचेदं धर्ममेवानुरुध्यती ।
वैन्यं गत्वा महात्मानमर्थयस्व धनं बहु ।
स ते दास्यति राजर्षिर्यजमानोऽर्थिने धनम् ॥ ४ ॥

taṃ bhāryā pratyuvācedaṃ dharmamevānurudhyatī |
vainyaṃ gatvā mahātmānamarthayasva dhanaṃ bahu |
sa te dāsyati rājarṣiryajamāno'rthine dhanam || 4 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...is the soul of all things and whose eyes are like the petals of the lotus. And having bowed unto him with joined hands I addressed him saying, 'I wish to know you, O Divine...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.183.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bharya, Prati, Idam, Dharma, Eva, Vainya, Mahatman, Dhana, Bahu, Tad, Yushmad, Rajarshi, Yajamana, Arthin, Arthi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.183.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ bhāryā pratyuvācedaṃ dharmamevānurudhyatī
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • bhāryā -
  • bhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ -> bhāryā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √bhṛ]
  • pratyu -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • uvāce -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • evā -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ānurudhyat -
  • anurudh (verb class 4)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ī -
  • ī (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “vainyaṃ gatvā mahātmānamarthayasva dhanaṃ bahu
  • vainyam -
  • vainya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • mahātmānam -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • arthayasva -
  • arth (verb class 10)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • dhanam -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bahu -
  • bahu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bahu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 3: “sa te dāsyati rājarṣiryajamāno'rthine dhanam
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dāsyati -
  • (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [future active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [future active third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [future active third single]
  • rājarṣir -
  • rājarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yajamāno' -
  • yajamāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaj -> yajamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yaj class 1 verb]
  • arthine -
  • arthin (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    arthin (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    arthī (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • dhanam -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.183.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.183.4 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ಭಾರ್ಯಾ ಪ್ರತ್ಯುವಾಚೇದಂ ಧರ್ಮಮೇವಾನುರುಧ್ಯತೀ ।
ವೈನ್ಯಂ ಗತ್ವಾ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾನಮರ್ಥಯಸ್ವ ಧನಂ ಬಹು ।
ಸ ತೇ ದಾಸ್ಯತಿ ರಾಜರ್ಷಿರ್ಯಜಮಾನೋಽರ್ಥಿನೇ ಧನಮ್ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.183.4 in Bengali sript:
তং ভার্যা প্রত্যুবাচেদং ধর্মমেবানুরুধ্যতী ।
বৈন্যং গত্বা মহাত্মানমর্থযস্ব ধনং বহু ।
স তে দাস্যতি রাজর্ষির্যজমানোঽর্থিনে ধনম্ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.183.4 in Gujarati sript:
તં ભાર્યા પ્રત્યુવાચેદં ધર્મમેવાનુરુધ્યતી ।
વૈન્યં ગત્વા મહાત્માનમર્થયસ્વ ધનં બહુ ।
સ તે દાસ્યતિ રાજર્ષિર્યજમાનોઽર્થિને ધનમ્ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.183.4 in Malayalam sript:
തം ഭാര്യാ പ്രത്യുവാചേദം ധര്മമേവാനുരുധ്യതീ ।
വൈന്യം ഗത്വാ മഹാത്മാനമര്ഥയസ്വ ധനം ബഹു ।
സ തേ ദാസ്യതി രാജര്ഷിര്യജമാനോഽര്ഥിനേ ധനമ് ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.183.4 in Telugu sript:
తం భార్యా ప్రత్యువాచేదం ధర్మమేవానురుధ్యతీ ।
వైన్యం గత్వా మహాత్మానమర్థయస్వ ధనం బహు ।
స తే దాస్యతి రాజర్షిర్యజమానోఽర్థినే ధనమ్ ॥ ౪ ॥

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