Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.181.27

एषा तावदबुद्धीनां गतिरुक्ता युधिष्ठिर ।
अतः परं ज्ञानवतां निबोध गतिमुत्तमाम् ॥ २७ ॥

eṣā tāvadabuddhīnāṃ gatiruktā yudhiṣṭhira |
ataḥ paraṃ jñānavatāṃ nibodha gatimuttamām || 27 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the view. And then, O ruler of men, the Self-create Lord—the first Cause of everything—having his abode in the lotus, drinks those terrible winds and goes to sleep, O Bharata! ("Markandeya...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.181.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Tavat, Abuddhi, Gati, Ukta, Yudhishthira, Atah, Param, Para, Jnanavat, Jnanavata, Bodha, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.181.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣā tāvadabuddhīnāṃ gatiruktā yudhiṣṭhira
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tāvad -
  • tāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tāvat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    tāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • abuddhīnām -
  • abuddhi (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    abuddhi (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    abuddhi (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • gatir -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uktā* -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> uktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
  • yudhiṣṭhira -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “ataḥ paraṃ jñānavatāṃ nibodha gatimuttamām
  • ataḥ -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • jñānavatām -
  • jñānavat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    jñānavat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    jñānavatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ni (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • bodha -
  • bodha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bodha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    budh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • gatim -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • uttamām -
  • uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.181.27

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.181.27 in Kannada sript:
ಏಷಾ ತಾವದಬುದ್ಧೀನಾಂ ಗತಿರುಕ್ತಾ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ।
ಅತಃ ಪರಂ ಜ್ಞಾನವತಾಂ ನಿಬೋಧ ಗತಿಮುತ್ತಮಾಮ್ ॥ ೨೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.181.27 in Bengali sript:
এষা তাবদবুদ্ধীনাং গতিরুক্তা যুধিষ্ঠির ।
অতঃ পরং জ্ঞানবতাং নিবোধ গতিমুত্তমাম্ ॥ ২৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.181.27 in Gujarati sript:
એષા તાવદબુદ્ધીનાં ગતિરુક્તા યુધિષ્ઠિર ।
અતઃ પરં જ્ઞાનવતાં નિબોધ ગતિમુત્તમામ્ ॥ ૨૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.181.27 in Malayalam sript:
ഏഷാ താവദബുദ്ധീനാം ഗതിരുക്താ യുധിഷ്ഠിര ।
അതഃ പരം ജ്ഞാനവതാം നിബോധ ഗതിമുത്തമാമ് ॥ ൨൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.181.27 in Telugu sript:
ఏషా తావదబుద్ధీనాం గతిరుక్తా యుధిష్ఠిర ।
అతః పరం జ్ఞానవతాం నిబోధ గతిముత్తమామ్ ॥ ౨౭ ॥

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