Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.170.31

तानहं निशितैर्बाणैर्व्यधमं गार्ध्रवाजितैः ।
ते युद्धे संन्यवर्तन्त समुद्रस्य यथोर्मयः ॥ ३१ ॥

tānahaṃ niśitairbāṇairvyadhamaṃ gārdhravājitaiḥ |
te yuddhe saṃnyavartanta samudrasya yathormayaḥ || 31 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...not stay here. (If you remainest here) you too shall be my fare to-morrow. O mighty-armed one, this is ordained in respect of me, that he that comes unto my place, becomes my food and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.170.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tana, Ham, Nishita, Bana, Vyadha, Gardhravajita, Tad, Yushmad, Yuddha, Samudra, Yatha, Maya, Mayas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.170.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tānahaṃ niśitairbāṇairvyadhamaṃ gārdhravājitaiḥ
  • tāna -
  • tāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ham -
  • ham (indeclinable)
    ha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    han (noun, neuter)
  • niśitair -
  • niśita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    niśita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bāṇair -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vyadham -
  • vyadha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vyadhā (noun, feminine)
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • gārdhravājitaiḥ -
  • gārdhravājita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    gārdhravājita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “te yuddhe saṃnyavartanta samudrasya yathormayaḥ
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • yuddhe -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • saṃnya -
  • saṃni (Preverb)
  • avartanta -
  • vṛt (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third plural]
  • samudrasya -
  • samudra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    samudra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • yatho -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • ur -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • mayaḥ -
  • mayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.170.31

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.170.31 in Kannada sript:
ತಾನಹಂ ನಿಶಿತೈರ್ಬಾಣೈರ್ವ್ಯಧಮಂ ಗಾರ್ಧ್ರವಾಜಿತೈಃ ।
ತೇ ಯುದ್ಧೇ ಸಂನ್ಯವರ್ತನ್ತ ಸಮುದ್ರಸ್ಯ ಯಥೋರ್ಮಯಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.170.31 in Bengali sript:
তানহং নিশিতৈর্বাণৈর্ব্যধমং গার্ধ্রবাজিতৈঃ ।
তে যুদ্ধে সংন্যবর্তন্ত সমুদ্রস্য যথোর্মযঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.170.31 in Gujarati sript:
તાનહં નિશિતૈર્બાણૈર્વ્યધમં ગાર્ધ્રવાજિતૈઃ ।
તે યુદ્ધે સંન્યવર્તન્ત સમુદ્રસ્ય યથોર્મયઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.170.31 in Malayalam sript:
താനഹം നിശിതൈര്ബാണൈര്വ്യധമം ഗാര്ധ്രവാജിതൈഃ ।
തേ യുദ്ധേ സംന്യവര്തന്ത സമുദ്രസ്യ യഥോര്മയഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.170.31 in Telugu sript:
తానహం నిశితైర్బాణైర్వ్యధమం గార్ధ్రవాజితైః ।
తే యుద్ధే సంన్యవర్తన్త సముద్రస్య యథోర్మయః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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