Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.159.31

पक्षिणामिव निर्घोषः कुबेरसदनं प्रति ।
बभूव परमाश्वानामैरावतपथे यताम् ॥ ३१ ॥

pakṣiṇāmiva nirghoṣaḥ kuberasadanaṃ prati |
babhūva paramāśvānāmairāvatapathe yatām || 31 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Bharata, namely, that I had met the divine Mahadeva. Thereupon, O king of kings, well-pleased, he said unto me, ’since you have beheld the great god, incapable of being beheld...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.159.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pakshin, Iva, Nirghosha, Kubera, Sadana, Prati, Paramashva, Airavata, Patha, Pathin, Yat, Yata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.159.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pakṣiṇāmiva nirghoṣaḥ kuberasadanaṃ prati
  • pakṣiṇām -
  • pakṣin (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pakṣin (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • nirghoṣaḥ -
  • nirghoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kubera -
  • kubera (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kubera (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sadanam -
  • sadana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sadana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “babhūva paramāśvānāmairāvatapathe yatām
  • babhūva -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • paramāśvānām -
  • paramāśva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    paramāśva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • airāvata -
  • airāvata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    airāvata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pathe -
  • patha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pathin (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • yatām -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    yatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yatā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperative middle third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.159.31

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.159.31 in Kannada sript:
ಪಕ್ಷಿಣಾಮಿವ ನಿರ್ಘೋಷಃ ಕುಬೇರಸದನಂ ಪ್ರತಿ ।
ಬಭೂವ ಪರಮಾಶ್ವಾನಾಮೈರಾವತಪಥೇ ಯತಾಮ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.159.31 in Bengali sript:
পক্ষিণামিব নির্ঘোষঃ কুবেরসদনং প্রতি ।
বভূব পরমাশ্বানামৈরাবতপথে যতাম্ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.159.31 in Gujarati sript:
પક્ષિણામિવ નિર્ઘોષઃ કુબેરસદનં પ્રતિ ।
બભૂવ પરમાશ્વાનામૈરાવતપથે યતામ્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.159.31 in Malayalam sript:
പക്ഷിണാമിവ നിര്ഘോഷഃ കുബേരസദനം പ്രതി ।
ബഭൂവ പരമാശ്വാനാമൈരാവതപഥേ യതാമ് ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.159.31 in Telugu sript:
పక్షిణామివ నిర్ఘోషః కుబేరసదనం ప్రతి ।
బభూవ పరమాశ్వానామైరావతపథే యతామ్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: