Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.157.31

द्रौपद्या वर्धयन्हर्षं गदामादाय पाण्डवः ।
व्यपेतभयसंमोहः शैलराजं समाविशत् ॥ ३१ ॥

draupadyā vardhayanharṣaṃ gadāmādāya pāṇḍavaḥ |
vyapetabhayasaṃmohaḥ śailarājaṃ samāviśat || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...words of the dispenser of wealth, the Pandavas were well-pleased with them. Then lowering his club and mace and sword and bow, that foremost of the Bharatas bowed down unto Kuvera....

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.157.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Draupadi, Vardhayat, Harsha, Ada, Pandava, Pandu, Vyapetabhaya, Moha, Shailaraj, Shailaraja, Sama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.157.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “draupadyā vardhayanharṣaṃ gadāmādāya pāṇḍavaḥ
  • draupadyā* -
  • draupadī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vardhayan -
  • vardh -> vardhayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vardh class 10 verb], [vocative single from √vardh class 10 verb]
    vṛdh -> vardhayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛdh], [vocative single from √vṛdh]
  • harṣam -
  • harṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    harṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    harṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gadāmā -
  • gad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • adāya -
  • ada (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ada (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • pāṇḍavaḥ -
  • pāṇḍavas (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pāṇḍu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pāṇḍu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “vyapetabhayasaṃmohaḥ śailarājaṃ samāviśat
  • vyapetabhaya -
  • vyapetabhaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vyapetabhaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mohaḥ -
  • moha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śailarājam -
  • śailarāja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śailarāj (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • samā -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    samā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • aviśat -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.157.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.157.31 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ರೌಪದ್ಯಾ ವರ್ಧಯನ್ಹರ್ಷಂ ಗದಾಮಾದಾಯ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಃ ।
ವ್ಯಪೇತಭಯಸಂಮೋಹಃ ಶೈಲರಾಜಂ ಸಮಾವಿಶತ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.157.31 in Bengali sript:
দ্রৌপদ্যা বর্ধযন্হর্ষং গদামাদায পাণ্ডবঃ ।
ব্যপেতভযসংমোহঃ শৈলরাজং সমাবিশত্ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.157.31 in Gujarati sript:
દ્રૌપદ્યા વર્ધયન્હર્ષં ગદામાદાય પાણ્ડવઃ ।
વ્યપેતભયસંમોહઃ શૈલરાજં સમાવિશત્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.157.31 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്രൌപദ്യാ വര്ധയന്ഹര്ഷം ഗദാമാദായ പാണ്ഡവഃ ।
വ്യപേതഭയസംമോഹഃ ശൈലരാജം സമാവിശത് ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.157.31 in Telugu sript:
ద్రౌపద్యా వర్ధయన్హర్షం గదామాదాయ పాణ్డవః ।
వ్యపేతభయసంమోహః శైలరాజం సమావిశత్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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