Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.157.6

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
एतदात्महितं श्रुत्वा तस्याप्रतिमतेजसः ।
शासनं सततं चक्रुस्तथैव भरतर्षभाः ॥ ६ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
etadātmahitaṃ śrutvā tasyāpratimatejasaḥ |
śāsanaṃ satataṃ cakrustathaiva bharatarṣabhāḥ || 6 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...discharged his excrement on the crown of that Maharshi. Thereupon, as if burning all the cardinal points by his wrath, he said unto me, ’since, O lord of treasures, in your...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.157.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Etad, Etada, Atmahita, Tad, Apratima, Apratiman, Tejas, Shasana, Satatam, Satata, Cakru, Tatha, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.157.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “etadātmahitaṃ śrutvā tasyāpratimatejasaḥ
  • etadā -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    etadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ātmahitam -
  • ātmahita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ātmahita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ātmahitā (noun, feminine)
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • tasyā -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • apratima -
  • apratima (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apratima (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apratiman (noun, masculine)
    apratiman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tejasaḥ -
  • tejas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 3: “śāsanaṃ satataṃ cakrustathaiva bharatarṣabhāḥ
  • śāsanam -
  • śāsana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śāsana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śāsanā (noun, feminine)
  • satatam -
  • satatam (indeclinable)
    satata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satatā (noun, feminine)
  • cakrus -
  • cakru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cakru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • bharatarṣabhāḥ -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.157.6

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.157.6 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಏತದಾತ್ಮಹಿತಂ ಶ್ರುತ್ವಾ ತಸ್ಯಾಪ್ರತಿಮತೇಜಸಃ ।
ಶಾಸನಂ ಸತತಂ ಚಕ್ರುಸ್ತಥೈವ ಭರತರ್ಷಭಾಃ ॥ ೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.157.6 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
এতদাত্মহিতং শ্রুত্বা তস্যাপ্রতিমতেজসঃ ।
শাসনং সততং চক্রুস্তথৈব ভরতর্ষভাঃ ॥ ৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.157.6 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
એતદાત્મહિતં શ્રુત્વા તસ્યાપ્રતિમતેજસઃ ।
શાસનં સતતં ચક્રુસ્તથૈવ ભરતર્ષભાઃ ॥ ૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.157.6 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
ഏതദാത്മഹിതം ശ്രുത്വാ തസ്യാപ്രതിമതേജസഃ ।
ശാസനം സതതം ചക്രുസ്തഥൈവ ഭരതര്ഷഭാഃ ॥ ൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.157.6 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
ఏతదాత్మహితం శ్రుత్వా తస్యాప్రతిమతేజసః ।
శాసనం సతతం చక్రుస్తథైవ భరతర్షభాః ॥ ౬ ॥

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