Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.154.43

न्यवारयत्तौ प्रहसन्कुन्तीपुत्रो वृकोदरः ।
शक्तोऽहं राक्षसस्येति प्रेक्षध्वमिति चाब्रवीत् ॥ ४३ ॥

nyavārayattau prahasankuntīputro vṛkodaraḥ |
śakto'haṃ rākṣasasyeti prekṣadhvamiti cābravīt || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Then Yudhishthira pleasantly spake unto Bhima saying, 'Ah! O Bhima, beautiful is this forest of the Gandhamadana. In this romantic forest there are various heavenly blossoming wild...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.154.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prahasat, Kunti, Putra, Vrikodara, Shakta, Shaktu, Aha, Asmad, Rakshasa, Iti, Pra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.154.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nyavārayattau prahasankuntīputro vṛkodaraḥ
  • nyavā -
  • nyava (Preverb)
  • arayat -
  • ray (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prahasan -
  • prahasat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • kuntī -
  • kuntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kunti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • putro* -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vṛkodaraḥ -
  • vṛkodara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “śakto'haṃ rākṣasasyeti prekṣadhvamiti cābravīt
  • śakto' -
  • śakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śac -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śac class 1 verb]
    śak -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śak class 5 verb]
    śaktu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    śaktu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • rākṣasasye -
  • rākṣasa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    rākṣasa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • pre -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pra (Preverb)
    prā (Preverb)
  • īkṣadhvam -
  • īkṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second plural]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.154.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.154.43 in Kannada sript:
ನ್ಯವಾರಯತ್ತೌ ಪ್ರಹಸನ್ಕುನ್ತೀಪುತ್ರೋ ವೃಕೋದರಃ ।
ಶಕ್ತೋಽಹಂ ರಾಕ್ಷಸಸ್ಯೇತಿ ಪ್ರೇಕ್ಷಧ್ವಮಿತಿ ಚಾಬ್ರವೀತ್ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.154.43 in Bengali sript:
ন্যবারযত্তৌ প্রহসন্কুন্তীপুত্রো বৃকোদরঃ ।
শক্তোঽহং রাক্ষসস্যেতি প্রেক্ষধ্বমিতি চাব্রবীত্ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.154.43 in Gujarati sript:
ન્યવારયત્તૌ પ્રહસન્કુન્તીપુત્રો વૃકોદરઃ ।
શક્તોઽહં રાક્ષસસ્યેતિ પ્રેક્ષધ્વમિતિ ચાબ્રવીત્ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.154.43 in Malayalam sript:
ന്യവാരയത്തൌ പ്രഹസന്കുന്തീപുത്രോ വൃകോദരഃ ।
ശക്തോഽഹം രാക്ഷസസ്യേതി പ്രേക്ഷധ്വമിതി ചാബ്രവീത് ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.154.43 in Telugu sript:
న్యవారయత్తౌ ప్రహసన్కున్తీపుత్రో వృకోదరః ।
శక్తోఽహం రాక్షసస్యేతి ప్రేక్షధ్వమితి చాబ్రవీత్ ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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