Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.152.9

न हि याचन्ति राजान एष धर्मः सनातनः ।
न चाहं हातुमिच्छामि क्षात्रधर्मं कथंचन ॥ ९ ॥

na hi yācanti rājāna eṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ |
na cāhaṃ hātumicchāmi kṣātradharmaṃ kathaṃcana || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...And as your acts are so improper and as you have grown in age without deriving any benefit and as your propensities are evil, so you deserves to die for nothing, and for nothing will...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.152.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yacat, Yacanti, Rajan, Rajana, Esha, Dharma, Sanatana, Aha, Asmad, Hatu, Kshatradharma, Katham, Katha, Cana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.152.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na hi yācanti rājāna eṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • yācanti -
  • yāc -> yācat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √yāc class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √yāc class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc -> yācantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • rājāna* -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dharmaḥ -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sanātanaḥ -
  • sanātana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “na cāhaṃ hātumicchāmi kṣātradharmaṃ kathaṃcana
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • hātum -
  • -> hātum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √]
    -> hātum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √]
    hātu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchāmi -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active first single]
  • kṣātradharmam -
  • kṣātradharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣātradharma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kathañ -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cana -
  • cana (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    cana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    can (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.152.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.152.9 in Kannada sript:
ನ ಹಿ ಯಾಚನ್ತಿ ರಾಜಾನ ಏಷ ಧರ್ಮಃ ಸನಾತನಃ ।
ನ ಚಾಹಂ ಹಾತುಮಿಚ್ಛಾಮಿ ಕ್ಷಾತ್ರಧರ್ಮಂ ಕಥಂಚನ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.152.9 in Bengali sript:
ন হি যাচন্তি রাজান এষ ধর্মঃ সনাতনঃ ।
ন চাহং হাতুমিচ্ছামি ক্ষাত্রধর্মং কথংচন ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.152.9 in Gujarati sript:
ન હિ યાચન્તિ રાજાન એષ ધર્મઃ સનાતનઃ ।
ન ચાહં હાતુમિચ્છામિ ક્ષાત્રધર્મં કથંચન ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.152.9 in Malayalam sript:
ന ഹി യാചന്തി രാജാന ഏഷ ധര്മഃ സനാതനഃ ।
ന ചാഹം ഹാതുമിച്ഛാമി ക്ഷാത്രധര്മം കഥംചന ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.152.9 in Telugu sript:
న హి యాచన్తి రాజాన ఏష ధర్మః సనాతనః ।
న చాహం హాతుమిచ్ఛామి క్షాత్రధర్మం కథంచన ॥ ౯ ॥

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