Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.148.10

हनूमानुवाच ।
कृतं नाम युगं तात यत्र धर्मः सनातनः ।
कृतमेव न कर्तव्यं तस्मिन्काले युगोत्तमे ॥ १० ॥

hanūmānuvāca |
kṛtaṃ nāma yugaṃ tāta yatra dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ |
kṛtameva na kartavyaṃ tasminkāle yugottame || 10 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...combined—namely, conciliation, gift, sowing dissensions, chastisement, and sight. And, O chief of the Bharatas, polity has for its root diplomacy; and diplomacy also is the main...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.148.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hanumat, Krit, Krita, Naman, Yuga, Tata, Yatra, Dharma, Sanatana, Eva, Kartavya, Tad, Kale, Kala, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.148.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hanūmānuvāca
  • hanūmān -
  • hanūmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “kṛtaṃ nāma yugaṃ tāta yatra dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yugam -
  • yuga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tāta -
  • tāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharmaḥ -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sanātanaḥ -
  • sanātana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “kṛtameva na kartavyaṃ tasminkāle yugottame
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kartavyam -
  • kartavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kartavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kartavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yugo -
  • yuga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • uttame -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.148.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.148.10 in Kannada sript:
ಹನೂಮಾನುವಾಚ ।
ಕೃತಂ ನಾಮ ಯುಗಂ ತಾತ ಯತ್ರ ಧರ್ಮಃ ಸನಾತನಃ ।
ಕೃತಮೇವ ನ ಕರ್ತವ್ಯಂ ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ಕಾಲೇ ಯುಗೋತ್ತಮೇ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.148.10 in Bengali sript:
হনূমানুবাচ ।
কৃতং নাম যুগং তাত যত্র ধর্মঃ সনাতনঃ ।
কৃতমেব ন কর্তব্যং তস্মিন্কালে যুগোত্তমে ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.148.10 in Gujarati sript:
હનૂમાનુવાચ ।
કૃતં નામ યુગં તાત યત્ર ધર્મઃ સનાતનઃ ।
કૃતમેવ ન કર્તવ્યં તસ્મિન્કાલે યુગોત્તમે ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.148.10 in Malayalam sript:
ഹനൂമാനുവാച ।
കൃതം നാമ യുഗം താത യത്ര ധര്മഃ സനാതനഃ ।
കൃതമേവ ന കര്തവ്യം തസ്മിന്കാലേ യുഗോത്തമേ ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.148.10 in Telugu sript:
హనూమానువాచ ।
కృతం నామ యుగం తాత యత్ర ధర్మః సనాతనః ।
కృతమేవ న కర్తవ్యం తస్మిన్కాలే యుగోత్తమే ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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