Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.145.40

भागीरथीं सुतीर्थां च शीतामलजलां शिवाम् ।
मणिप्रवालप्रस्तारां पादपैरुपशोभिताम् ॥ ४० ॥

bhāgīrathīṃ sutīrthāṃ ca śītāmalajalāṃ śivām |
maṇipravālaprastārāṃ pādapairupaśobhitām || 40 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...tail, the mountain with its summits tottering, began to crumble all around. And overcoming that roaring of mad elephants, the sounds of his tail spread over the varied slopes of the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.145.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhagirathi, Sutirtha, Shita, Alaja, Shiva, Manipravala, Prastara, Padapa, Upashobhita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.145.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhāgīrathīṃ sutīrthāṃ ca śītāmalajalāṃ śivām
  • bhāgīrathīm -
  • bhāgīrathī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sutīrthām -
  • sutīrthā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śītām -
  • śītā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śi -> śītā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √śi class 3 verb], [accusative single from √śi class 5 verb]
    śī -> śītā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √śī class 4 verb]
    śyā -> śītā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √śyā class 1 verb]
  • alaja -
  • alaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    lo (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • śivām -
  • śivā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “maṇipravālaprastārāṃ pādapairupaśobhitām
  • maṇipravāla -
  • maṇipravāla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prastārā -
  • prastāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pādapair -
  • pādapa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • upaśobhitām -
  • upaśobhitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.145.40

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.145.40 in Kannada sript:
ಭಾಗೀರಥೀಂ ಸುತೀರ್ಥಾಂ ಚ ಶೀತಾಮಲಜಲಾಂ ಶಿವಾಮ್ ।
ಮಣಿಪ್ರವಾಲಪ್ರಸ್ತಾರಾಂ ಪಾದಪೈರುಪಶೋಭಿತಾಮ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.145.40 in Bengali sript:
ভাগীরথীং সুতীর্থাং চ শীতামলজলাং শিবাম্ ।
মণিপ্রবালপ্রস্তারাং পাদপৈরুপশোভিতাম্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.145.40 in Gujarati sript:
ભાગીરથીં સુતીર્થાં ચ શીતામલજલાં શિવામ્ ।
મણિપ્રવાલપ્રસ્તારાં પાદપૈરુપશોભિતામ્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.145.40 in Malayalam sript:
ഭാഗീരഥീം സുതീര്ഥാം ച ശീതാമലജലാം ശിവാമ് ।
മണിപ്രവാലപ്രസ്താരാം പാദപൈരുപശോഭിതാമ് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.145.40 in Telugu sript:
భాగీరథీం సుతీర్థాం చ శీతామలజలాం శివామ్ ।
మణిప్రవాలప్రస్తారాం పాదపైరుపశోభితామ్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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