Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.145.39

आलोकयन्तो मैनाकं नानाद्विजगणायुतम् ।
हिरण्यशिखरं चैव तच्च बिन्दुसरः शिवम् ॥ ३९ ॥

ālokayanto mainākaṃ nānādvijagaṇāyutam |
hiraṇyaśikharaṃ caiva tacca bindusaraḥ śivam || 39 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...And on all sides round, the mountains by the mouths of caves emitted those sounds in echo, like a cow lowing. And as it was being shaken by the reports produced by the lashing of the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.145.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aloka, Yat, Yantri, Mainaka, Nana, Vija, Gana, Ayuta, Hiranya, Shikhara, Tat, Tad, Bindusaras, Bindusara, Shivam, Shiva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.145.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ālokayanto mainākaṃ nānādvijagaṇāyutam
  • āloka -
  • āloka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanto* -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    yantṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √i class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √i class 2 verb]
  • mainākam -
  • maināka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • nānād -
  • nāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • vija -
  • vija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vij (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • gaṇā -
  • gaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayutam -
  • ayuta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ayuta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ayutā (noun, feminine)
    yu (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second dual]
  • Line 2: “hiraṇyaśikharaṃ caiva tacca bindusaraḥ śivam
  • hiraṇya -
  • hiraṇya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hiraṇya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śikharam -
  • śikhara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śikhara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śikharā (noun, feminine)
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • tac -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bindusaraḥ -
  • bindusaras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bindusara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śivam -
  • śivam (indeclinable)
    śiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śivā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.145.39

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.145.39 in Kannada sript:
ಆಲೋಕಯನ್ತೋ ಮೈನಾಕಂ ನಾನಾದ್ವಿಜಗಣಾಯುತಮ್ ।
ಹಿರಣ್ಯಶಿಖರಂ ಚೈವ ತಚ್ಚ ಬಿನ್ದುಸರಃ ಶಿವಮ್ ॥ ೩೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.145.39 in Bengali sript:
আলোকযন্তো মৈনাকং নানাদ্বিজগণাযুতম্ ।
হিরণ্যশিখরং চৈব তচ্চ বিন্দুসরঃ শিবম্ ॥ ৩৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.145.39 in Gujarati sript:
આલોકયન્તો મૈનાકં નાનાદ્વિજગણાયુતમ્ ।
હિરણ્યશિખરં ચૈવ તચ્ચ બિન્દુસરઃ શિવમ્ ॥ ૩૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.145.39 in Malayalam sript:
ആലോകയന്തോ മൈനാകം നാനാദ്വിജഗണായുതമ് ।
ഹിരണ്യശിഖരം ചൈവ തച്ച ബിന്ദുസരഃ ശിവമ് ॥ ൩൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.145.39 in Telugu sript:
ఆలోకయన్తో మైనాకం నానాద్విజగణాయుతమ్ ।
హిరణ్యశిఖరం చైవ తచ్చ బిన్దుసరః శివమ్ ॥ ౩౯ ॥

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