Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.145.20

अदंशमशके देशे बहुमूलफलोदके ।
नीलशाद्वलसंछन्ने देवगन्धर्वसेविते ॥ २० ॥

adaṃśamaśake deśe bahumūlaphalodake |
nīlaśādvalasaṃchanne devagandharvasevite || 20 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...lions and elephants in rage, flew at Bhimasena. And as they were distracted at heart through fear, these fierce animals discharging urine and dung, set up loud yells with gapping mouths...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.145.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kah, Kim, Desha, Bahumula, Phalodaka, Nila, Shadvala, Sanchanna, Devagandharva, Sevita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.145.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adaṃśamaśake deśe bahumūlaphalodake
  • adaṃśam -
  • daṃś (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • aśa -
  • aśan (noun, masculine)
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • deśe -
  • deśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    deśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bahumūla -
  • bahumūla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bahumūla (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phalodake -
  • phalodaka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “nīlaśādvalasaṃchanne devagandharvasevite
  • nīla -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nīla (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nīl (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śādvala -
  • śādvala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śādvala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sañchanne -
  • sañchanna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sañchanna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sañchannā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • devagandharva -
  • devagandharva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devagandharva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sevite -
  • sevita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sevita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sevitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sev -> sevita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sev class 1 verb]
    sev -> sevita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √sev class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √sev class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √sev class 1 verb], [locative single from √sev class 1 verb]
    sev -> sevitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √sev class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sev class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √sev class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √sev class 1 verb]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sīv]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √sīv], [vocative dual from √sīv], [accusative dual from √sīv], [locative single from √sīv]
    sīv -> sevitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √sīv], [vocative single from √sīv], [vocative dual from √sīv], [accusative dual from √sīv]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.145.20

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.145.20 in Kannada sript:
ಅದಂಶಮಶಕೇ ದೇಶೇ ಬಹುಮೂಲಫಲೋದಕೇ ।
ನೀಲಶಾದ್ವಲಸಂಛನ್ನೇ ದೇವಗನ್ಧರ್ವಸೇವಿತೇ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.145.20 in Bengali sript:
অদংশমশকে দেশে বহুমূলফলোদকে ।
নীলশাদ্বলসংছন্নে দেবগন্ধর্বসেবিতে ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.145.20 in Gujarati sript:
અદંશમશકે દેશે બહુમૂલફલોદકે ।
નીલશાદ્વલસંછન્ને દેવગન્ધર્વસેવિતે ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.145.20 in Malayalam sript:
അദംശമശകേ ദേശേ ബഹുമൂലഫലോദകേ ।
നീലശാദ്വലസംഛന്നേ ദേവഗന്ധര്വസേവിതേ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.145.20 in Telugu sript:
అదంశమశకే దేశే బహుమూలఫలోదకే ।
నీలశాద్వలసంఛన్నే దేవగన్ధర్వసేవితే ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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