Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.131.30

यावल्लोके मनुष्यास्त्वां कथयिष्यन्ति पार्थिव ।
तावत्कीर्तिश्च लोकाश्च स्थास्यन्ति तव शाश्वताः ॥ ३० ॥

yāvalloke manuṣyāstvāṃ kathayiṣyanti pārthiva |
tāvatkīrtiśca lokāśca sthāsyanti tava śāśvatāḥ || 30 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...performing meritorious acts. That in which I had failed has been achieved by my son. Weak persons may have sons endued with strength; dunces may have intelligent sons; and the illiterate...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.131.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yavat, Loka, Manushi, Manushya, Tva, Yushmad, Kathayishyat, Kathayishyanti, Parthiva, Tavat, Kirti, Sthasyat, Sthasyanti, Shashvata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.131.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yāvalloke manuṣyāstvāṃ kathayiṣyanti pārthiva
  • yāval -
  • yāvat (indeclinable)
    yāvat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yāvat (noun, masculine)
    yāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • manuṣyās -
  • manuṣī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    manuṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    manuṣyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tvām -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • kathayiṣyanti -
  • kath -> kathayiṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath -> kathayiṣyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath (verb class 10)
    [future active third plural]
  • pārthiva -
  • pārthiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pārthiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “tāvatkīrtiśca lokāśca sthāsyanti tava śāśvatāḥ
  • tāvat -
  • tāvat (indeclinable)
    tāvat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tāvat (noun, masculine)
    tāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kīrtiś -
  • kīrti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kīrti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lokāś -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sthāsyanti -
  • sthā -> sthāsyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> sthāsyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [future active third plural]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • śāśvatāḥ -
  • śāśvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.131.30

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.131.30 in Kannada sript:
ಯಾವಲ್ಲೋಕೇ ಮನುಷ್ಯಾಸ್ತ್ವಾಂ ಕಥಯಿಷ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವ ।
ತಾವತ್ಕೀರ್ತಿಶ್ಚ ಲೋಕಾಶ್ಚ ಸ್ಥಾಸ್ಯನ್ತಿ ತವ ಶಾಶ್ವತಾಃ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.131.30 in Bengali sript:
যাবল্লোকে মনুষ্যাস্ত্বাং কথযিষ্যন্তি পার্থিব ।
তাবত্কীর্তিশ্চ লোকাশ্চ স্থাস্যন্তি তব শাশ্বতাঃ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.131.30 in Gujarati sript:
યાવલ્લોકે મનુષ્યાસ્ત્વાં કથયિષ્યન્તિ પાર્થિવ ।
તાવત્કીર્તિશ્ચ લોકાશ્ચ સ્થાસ્યન્તિ તવ શાશ્વતાઃ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.131.30 in Malayalam sript:
യാവല്ലോകേ മനുഷ്യാസ്ത്വാം കഥയിഷ്യന്തി പാര്ഥിവ ।
താവത്കീര്തിശ്ച ലോകാശ്ച സ്ഥാസ്യന്തി തവ ശാശ്വതാഃ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.131.30 in Telugu sript:
యావల్లోకే మనుష్యాస్త్వాం కథయిష్యన్తి పార్థివ ।
తావత్కీర్తిశ్చ లోకాశ్చ స్థాస్యన్తి తవ శాశ్వతాః ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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