Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.131.21

येनेमं वर्जयेथास्त्वं कर्मणा पक्षिसत्तम ।
तदाचक्ष्व करिष्यामि न हि दास्ये कपोतकम् ॥ २१ ॥

yenemaṃ varjayethāstvaṃ karmaṇā pakṣisattama |
tadācakṣva kariṣyāmi na hi dāsye kapotakam || 21 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...whose grace to-day I shall join him who has begot me.' "Ashtavakra said, 'Defeating the Brahmanas either by words or subtlety. Vandin had cast them into the waters of the sea...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.131.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yena, Yah, Yat, Idam, Varja, Tva, Yushmad, Karman, Pakshin, Pakshi, Sattama, Tada, Dasya, Kapotaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.131.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yenemaṃ varjayethāstvaṃ karmaṇā pakṣisattama
  • yene -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • imam -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • varjaye -
  • varjā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • īthās -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative middle second single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • karmaṇā -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • pakṣi -
  • pakṣi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pakṣin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pakṣin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pakṣī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pakṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pakṣī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pac (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle first single]
    pac (verb class 4)
    [injunctive middle first single]
  • sattama -
  • sattama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sattama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “tadācakṣva kariṣyāmi na hi dāsye kapotakam
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • acakṣva -
  • cakṣ (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • kariṣyāmi -
  • kṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [future active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [future active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [future active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [future active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [future active first single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [future active first single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active first single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dāsye -
  • dāsya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    das -> dāsya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √das]
    das -> dāsya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √das], [vocative dual from √das], [accusative dual from √das], [locative single from √das]
    das -> dāsyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √das], [vocative single from √das], [vocative dual from √das], [accusative dual from √das]
    (verb class 1)
    [future middle first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [future middle first single]
    dās (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
    dās (verb class 5)
    [present passive first single]
    das (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]
  • kapotakam -
  • kapotaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kapotaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.131.21

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.131.21 in Kannada sript:
ಯೇನೇಮಂ ವರ್ಜಯೇಥಾಸ್ತ್ವಂ ಕರ್ಮಣಾ ಪಕ್ಷಿಸತ್ತಮ ।
ತದಾಚಕ್ಷ್ವ ಕರಿಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ನ ಹಿ ದಾಸ್ಯೇ ಕಪೋತಕಮ್ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.131.21 in Bengali sript:
যেনেমং বর্জযেথাস্ত্বং কর্মণা পক্ষিসত্তম ।
তদাচক্ষ্ব করিষ্যামি ন হি দাস্যে কপোতকম্ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.131.21 in Gujarati sript:
યેનેમં વર્જયેથાસ્ત્વં કર્મણા પક્ષિસત્તમ ।
તદાચક્ષ્વ કરિષ્યામિ ન હિ દાસ્યે કપોતકમ્ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.131.21 in Malayalam sript:
യേനേമം വര്ജയേഥാസ്ത്വം കര്മണാ പക്ഷിസത്തമ ।
തദാചക്ഷ്വ കരിഷ്യാമി ന ഹി ദാസ്യേ കപോതകമ് ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.131.21 in Telugu sript:
యేనేమం వర్జయేథాస్త్వం కర్మణా పక్షిసత్తమ ।
తదాచక్ష్వ కరిష్యామి న హి దాస్యే కపోతకమ్ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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