Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.131.12

गुरुलाघवमाज्ञाय धर्माधर्मविनिश्चये ।
यतो भूयांस्ततो राजन्कुरु धर्मविनिश्चयम् ॥ १२ ॥

gurulāghavamājñāya dharmādharmaviniścaye |
yato bhūyāṃstato rājankuru dharmaviniścayam || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.; and eleven are the Rudras among the gods in heaven.'{GL_NOTE:28423:} Ashtavakra said, 'Twelve months compose the year; twelve letters go to the composition of a foot...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.131.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gurulaghava, Ajnaya, Dharmadharma, Vinishcaya, Yatah, Yat, Yata, Bhuyas, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Rajan, Rajat, Dharmavinishcaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.131.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gurulāghavamājñāya dharmādharmaviniścaye
  • gurulāghavam -
  • gurulāghava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ājñāya -
  • ājñāya (indeclinable)
  • dharmādharma -
  • dharmādharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viniścaye -
  • viniścaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “yato bhūyāṃstato rājankuru dharmaviniścayam
  • yato* -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • bhūyāṃs -
  • bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • kuru -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dharmaviniścayam -
  • dharmaviniścaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharmaviniścaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.131.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.131.12 in Kannada sript:
ಗುರುಲಾಘವಮಾಜ್ಞಾಯ ಧರ್ಮಾಧರ್ಮವಿನಿಶ್ಚಯೇ ।
ಯತೋ ಭೂಯಾಂಸ್ತತೋ ರಾಜನ್ಕುರು ಧರ್ಮವಿನಿಶ್ಚಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.131.12 in Bengali sript:
গুরুলাঘবমাজ্ঞায ধর্মাধর্মবিনিশ্চযে ।
যতো ভূযাংস্ততো রাজন্কুরু ধর্মবিনিশ্চযম্ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.131.12 in Gujarati sript:
ગુરુલાઘવમાજ્ઞાય ધર્માધર્મવિનિશ્ચયે ।
યતો ભૂયાંસ્તતો રાજન્કુરુ ધર્મવિનિશ્ચયમ્ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.131.12 in Malayalam sript:
ഗുരുലാഘവമാജ്ഞായ ധര്മാധര്മവിനിശ്ചയേ ।
യതോ ഭൂയാംസ്തതോ രാജന്കുരു ധര്മവിനിശ്ചയമ് ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.131.12 in Telugu sript:
గురులాఘవమాజ్ఞాయ ధర్మాధర్మవినిశ్చయే ।
యతో భూయాంస్తతో రాజన్కురు ధర్మవినిశ్చయమ్ ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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