Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.130.20

ऊरुं राज्ञः समासाद्य कपोतः श्येनजाद्भयात् ।
शरणार्थी तदा राजन्निलिल्ये भयपीडितः ॥ २० ॥

ūruṃ rājñaḥ samāsādya kapotaḥ śyenajādbhayāt |
śaraṇārthī tadā rājannililye bhayapīḍitaḥ || 20 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...four are the cardinal points; four is the number of letters; and four also, as is ever known, are the legs of a cow.'{GL_NOTE:28416:} Vandin said, 'Five is the number of fires...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.130.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Uru, Rajan, Samasadya, Kapota, Shyena, Bhayat, Bhaya, Sharanarthin, Sharanarthi, Tada, Rajat, Ili, Pidita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.130.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ūruṃ rājñaḥ samāsādya kapotaḥ śyenajādbhayāt
  • ūrum -
  • ūru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • rājñaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • samāsādya -
  • samāsādya (indeclinable)
    samāsādya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samāsādya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kapotaḥ -
  • kapota (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śyena -
  • śyena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śyena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jād -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • bhayāt -
  • bhayāt (indeclinable)
    bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 2: “śaraṇārthī tadā rājannililye bhayapīḍitaḥ
  • śaraṇārthī -
  • śaraṇārthī (noun, masculine)
    śaraṇārthī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    śaraṇārthin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rājann -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • ili -
  • ilī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • lye -
  • bhaya -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhī (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pīḍitaḥ -
  • pīḍita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pīḍ -> pīḍita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.130.20

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.130.20 in Kannada sript:
ಊರುಂ ರಾಜ್ಞಃ ಸಮಾಸಾದ್ಯ ಕಪೋತಃ ಶ್ಯೇನಜಾದ್ಭಯಾತ್ ।
ಶರಣಾರ್ಥೀ ತದಾ ರಾಜನ್ನಿಲಿಲ್ಯೇ ಭಯಪೀಡಿತಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.130.20 in Bengali sript:
ঊরুং রাজ্ঞঃ সমাসাদ্য কপোতঃ শ্যেনজাদ্ভযাত্ ।
শরণার্থী তদা রাজন্নিলিল্যে ভযপীডিতঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.130.20 in Gujarati sript:
ઊરું રાજ્ઞઃ સમાસાદ્ય કપોતઃ શ્યેનજાદ્ભયાત્ ।
શરણાર્થી તદા રાજન્નિલિલ્યે ભયપીડિતઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.130.20 in Malayalam sript:
ഊരും രാജ്ഞഃ സമാസാദ്യ കപോതഃ ശ്യേനജാദ്ഭയാത് ।
ശരണാര്ഥീ തദാ രാജന്നിലില്യേ ഭയപീഡിതഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.20 in Telugu sript:
ఊరుం రాజ్ఞః సమాసాద్య కపోతః శ్యేనజాద్భయాత్ ।
శరణార్థీ తదా రాజన్నిలిల్యే భయపీడితః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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