Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.130.3

एषा सरस्वती पुण्या दिव्या चोघवती नदी ।
एतद्विनशनं नाम सरस्वत्या विशां पते ॥ ३ ॥

eṣā sarasvatī puṇyā divyā coghavatī nadī |
etadvinaśanaṃ nāma sarasvatyā viśāṃ pate || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...sleeping; what is it that does not move, even when born; what is it that has no heart; and what does increase even in its own speed?' Ashtavakra said, 'It is a fish{GL_NOTE...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.130.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Sarasvat, Sarasvati, Punya, Divi, Divya, Ghavat, Nadi, Nadin, Etad, Vinashana, Naman, Visha, Vish, Pat, Pata, Pati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.130.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣā sarasvatī puṇyā divyā coghavatī nadī
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarasvatī -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sarasvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • puṇyā* -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • divyā -
  • divī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    divyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • co -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ghavatī -
  • ghu -> ghavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ghu class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ghu class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ghu class 1 verb]
  • nadī -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “etadvinaśanaṃ nāma sarasvatyā viśāṃ pate
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vinaśanam -
  • vinaśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sarasvatyā* -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • viśām -
  • viśā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    viś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • pate -
  • pat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    pat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    pata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    patā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    pati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.130.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.130.3 in Kannada sript:
ಏಷಾ ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ಪುಣ್ಯಾ ದಿವ್ಯಾ ಚೋಘವತೀ ನದೀ ।
ಏತದ್ವಿನಶನಂ ನಾಮ ಸರಸ್ವತ್ಯಾ ವಿಶಾಂ ಪತೇ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.130.3 in Bengali sript:
এষা সরস্বতী পুণ্যা দিব্যা চোঘবতী নদী ।
এতদ্বিনশনং নাম সরস্বত্যা বিশাং পতে ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.130.3 in Gujarati sript:
એષા સરસ્વતી પુણ્યા દિવ્યા ચોઘવતી નદી ।
એતદ્વિનશનં નામ સરસ્વત્યા વિશાં પતે ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.130.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഏഷാ സരസ്വതീ പുണ്യാ ദിവ്യാ ചോഘവതീ നദീ ।
ഏതദ്വിനശനം നാമ സരസ്വത്യാ വിശാം പതേ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.130.3 in Telugu sript:
ఏషా సరస్వతీ పుణ్యా దివ్యా చోఘవతీ నదీ ।
ఏతద్వినశనం నామ సరస్వత్యా విశాం పతే ॥ ౩ ॥

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