Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.130.1

लोमश उवाच ।
इह मर्त्यास्तपस्तप्त्वा स्वर्गं गच्छन्ति भारत ।
मर्तुकामा नरा राजन्निहायान्ति सहस्रशः ॥ १ ॥

lomaśa uvāca |
iha martyāstapastaptvā svargaṃ gacchanti bhārata |
martukāmā narā rājannihāyānti sahasraśaḥ || 1 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...they give birth?' Ashtavakra said, 'May God, O king, forfend the presence of these two{GL_NOTE:28407:} in your house; aye, even in the house of thine enemies. He who appears...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.130.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lomasha, Iha, Martya, Tap, Tapa, Tapas, Svarga, Gacchat, Bharata, Asmad, Kama, Nara, Rajan, Rajat, Ayat, Sahasrashah, Sahasrashas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.130.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lomaśa uvāca
  • lomaśa* -
  • lomaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “iha martyāstapastaptvā svargaṃ gacchanti bhārata
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • martyās -
  • martya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    martyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tapas -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • taptvā -
  • tap -> taptvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tap]
    tap -> taptvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tap]
  • svargam -
  • svarga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svarga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svargā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gacchanti -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “martukāmā narā rājannihāyānti sahasraśaḥ
  • mar -
  • (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    ma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • ṛtu -
  • ṛtu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • kāmā* -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • narā* -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rājann -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • ihā -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • āyānti -
  • āyāt (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sahasraśaḥ -
  • sahasraśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sahasraśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.130.1

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.1 in Kannada sript:
ಲೋಮಶ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಇಹ ಮರ್ತ್ಯಾಸ್ತಪಸ್ತಪ್ತ್ವಾ ಸ್ವರ್ಗಂ ಗಚ್ಛನ್ತಿ ಭಾರತ ।
ಮರ್ತುಕಾಮಾ ನರಾ ರಾಜನ್ನಿಹಾಯಾನ್ತಿ ಸಹಸ್ರಶಃ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.1 in Bengali sript:
লোমশ উবাচ ।
ইহ মর্ত্যাস্তপস্তপ্ত্বা স্বর্গং গচ্ছন্তি ভারত ।
মর্তুকামা নরা রাজন্নিহাযান্তি সহস্রশঃ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.1 in Gujarati sript:
લોમશ ઉવાચ ।
ઇહ મર્ત્યાસ્તપસ્તપ્ત્વા સ્વર્ગં ગચ્છન્તિ ભારત ।
મર્તુકામા નરા રાજન્નિહાયાન્તિ સહસ્રશઃ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.1 in Malayalam sript:
ലോമശ ഉവാച ।
ഇഹ മര്ത്യാസ്തപസ്തപ്ത്വാ സ്വര്ഗം ഗച്ഛന്തി ഭാരത ।
മര്തുകാമാ നരാ രാജന്നിഹായാന്തി സഹസ്രശഃ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.130.1 in Telugu sript:
లోమశ ఉవాచ ।
ఇహ మర్త్యాస్తపస్తప్త్వా స్వర్గం గచ్ఛన్తి భారత ।
మర్తుకామా నరా రాజన్నిహాయాన్తి సహస్రశః ॥ ౧ ॥

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: