Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.120.4

कस्मादयं रामजनार्दनौ च प्रद्युम्नसाम्बौ च मया समेतौ ।
वसत्यरण्ये सह सोदरीयैस्त्रैलोक्यनाथानधिगम्य नाथान् ॥ ४ ॥

kasmādayaṃ rāmajanārdanau ca pradyumnasāmbau ca mayā sametau |
vasatyaraṇye saha sodarīyaistrailokyanāthānadhigamya nāthān || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...beauty and grace. And they, O Indra, have converted me into an eternally youthful person, even like unto a celestial. Why should you and the other celestials have a right to the distilled...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.120.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kasmat, Kah, Kim, Aya, Idam, Ramaja, Nri, Ardana, Ardani, Pradyumna, Samba, Sambi, Maya, Asmad, Sameta, Vasati, Vasat, Aranya, Saha, Sodariya, Trailokyanatha, Adhigamya, Natha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.120.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kasmādayaṃ rāmajanārdanau ca pradyumnasāmbau ca mayā sametau
  • kasmād -
  • kasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rāmaja -
  • rāmaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ardanau -
  • ardana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ardani (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pradyumna -
  • pradyumna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sāmbau -
  • sāmba (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sāmbi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • sametau -
  • sameta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “vasatyaraṇye saha sodarīyaistrailokyanāthānadhigamya nāthān
  • vasatya -
  • vasati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vasati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vasati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vasatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vas -> vasat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vas class 1 verb]
    vas -> vasat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vas class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vas class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vas class 1 verb], [locative single from √vas class 1 verb]
    vas (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • araṇye -
  • araṇya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    araṇya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    araṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    raṇ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect passive first single]
    raṇ (verb class 10)
    [imperfect passive first single]
    raṇ (verb class 4)
    [imperfect passive first single]
    raṇ (verb class 0)
    [imperfect passive first single]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sodarīyais -
  • sodarīya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sodarīya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • trailokyanāthān -
  • trailokyanātha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • adhigamya -
  • adhigamya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhigamya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nāthān -
  • nātha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.120.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.120.4 in Kannada sript:
ಕಸ್ಮಾದಯಂ ರಾಮಜನಾರ್ದನೌ ಚ ಪ್ರದ್ಯುಮ್ನಸಾಮ್ಬೌ ಚ ಮಯಾ ಸಮೇತೌ ।
ವಸತ್ಯರಣ್ಯೇ ಸಹ ಸೋದರೀಯೈಸ್ತ್ರೈಲೋಕ್ಯನಾಥಾನಧಿಗಮ್ಯ ನಾಥಾನ್ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.120.4 in Bengali sript:
কস্মাদযং রামজনার্দনৌ চ প্রদ্যুম্নসাম্বৌ চ মযা সমেতৌ ।
বসত্যরণ্যে সহ সোদরীযৈস্ত্রৈলোক্যনাথানধিগম্য নাথান্ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.120.4 in Gujarati sript:
કસ્માદયં રામજનાર્દનૌ ચ પ્રદ્યુમ્નસામ્બૌ ચ મયા સમેતૌ ।
વસત્યરણ્યે સહ સોદરીયૈસ્ત્રૈલોક્યનાથાનધિગમ્ય નાથાન્ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.120.4 in Malayalam sript:
കസ്മാദയം രാമജനാര്ദനൌ ച പ്രദ്യുമ്നസാമ്ബൌ ച മയാ സമേതൌ ।
വസത്യരണ്യേ സഹ സോദരീയൈസ്ത്രൈലോക്യനാഥാനധിഗമ്യ നാഥാന് ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.120.4 in Telugu sript:
కస్మాదయం రామజనార్దనౌ చ ప్రద్యుమ్నసామ్బౌ చ మయా సమేతౌ ।
వసత్యరణ్యే సహ సోదరీయైస్త్రైలోక్యనాథానధిగమ్య నాథాన్ ॥ ౪ ॥

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: