Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.82.5

ततो हि सा सरिच्छ्रेष्ठा नदीनामुत्तमा नदी ।
प्लक्षाद्देवी स्रुता राजन्महापुण्या सरस्वती ॥ ५ ॥

tato hi sā saricchreṣṭhā nadīnāmuttamā nadī |
plakṣāddevī srutā rājanmahāpuṇyā sarasvatī || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Varada, one acquires the merit of giving away a thousand kine. Arriving next at Brahmasthuna, one that stays there for three nights acquires the merit of giving away a thousand...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.82.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Sarit, Shreshtha, Nadina, Nadi, Uttama, Nadin, Plaksha, Devi, Devin, Sruta, Rajan, Rajat, Mahapunya, Sarasvat, Sarasvati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.82.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato hi saricchreṣṭhā nadīnāmuttamā nadī
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saricch -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • śreṣṭhā* -
  • śreṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śreṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nadīnām -
  • nadīnā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    nadi (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    nadī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • uttamā* -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nadī -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “plakṣāddevī srutā rājanmahāpuṇyā sarasvatī
  • plakṣād -
  • plakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • devī -
  • devī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    devin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • srutā* -
  • sruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    srutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sru -> sruta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sru class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sru class 1 verb]
    sru -> srutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sru class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sru class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sru class 1 verb]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • mahāpuṇyā -
  • mahāpuṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarasvatī -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sarasvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.82.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.82.5 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಹಿ ಸಾ ಸರಿಚ್ಛ್ರೇಷ್ಠಾ ನದೀನಾಮುತ್ತಮಾ ನದೀ ।
ಪ್ಲಕ್ಷಾದ್ದೇವೀ ಸ್ರುತಾ ರಾಜನ್ಮಹಾಪುಣ್ಯಾ ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.82.5 in Bengali sript:
ততো হি সা সরিচ্ছ্রেষ্ঠা নদীনামুত্তমা নদী ।
প্লক্ষাদ্দেবী স্রুতা রাজন্মহাপুণ্যা সরস্বতী ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.82.5 in Gujarati sript:
તતો હિ સા સરિચ્છ્રેષ્ઠા નદીનામુત્તમા નદી ।
પ્લક્ષાદ્દેવી સ્રુતા રાજન્મહાપુણ્યા સરસ્વતી ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.82.5 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ഹി സാ സരിച്ഛ്രേഷ്ഠാ നദീനാമുത്തമാ നദീ ।
പ്ലക്ഷാദ്ദേവീ സ്രുതാ രാജന്മഹാപുണ്യാ സരസ്വതീ ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.82.5 in Telugu sript:
తతో హి సా సరిచ్ఛ్రేష్ఠా నదీనాముత్తమా నదీ ।
ప్లక్షాద్దేవీ స్రుతా రాజన్మహాపుణ్యా సరస్వతీ ॥ ౫ ॥

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