Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.74.21

कथं नु नारी भर्तारमनुरक्तमनुव्रतम् ।
उत्सृज्य वरयेदन्यं यथा त्वं भीरु कर्हिचित् ॥ २१ ॥

kathaṃ nu nārī bhartāramanuraktamanuvratam |
utsṛjya varayedanyaṃ yathā tvaṃ bhīru karhicit || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of Brahmarshis, with the Arghya on his head. And uttering aloud his name, he said, 'O you of excellent vow, blessed be you, I am Bhishma, your slave. At sight of you, I am...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.74.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Katham, Katha, Nari, Bhartri, Anurakta, Anuvrata, Utsrijya, Anya, Yatha, Tva, Yushmad, Bhiru, Karhi, Cit,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.74.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kathaṃ nu nārī bhartāramanuraktamanuvratam
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nārī -
  • nārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nāri (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhartāram -
  • bhartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • anuraktam -
  • anurakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anurakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anuraktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • anuvratam -
  • anuvrata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anuvrata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anuvratā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “utsṛjya varayedanyaṃ yathā tvaṃ bhīru karhicit
  • utsṛjya -
  • utsṛjya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    utsṛjya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utsṛjya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • varayed -
  • vṛ (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • anyam -
  • anya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • bhīru -
  • bhīru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhīru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhīrū (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhīrū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhīrū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • karhi -
  • karhi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.74.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.74.21 in Kannada sript:
ಕಥಂ ನು ನಾರೀ ಭರ್ತಾರಮನುರಕ್ತಮನುವ್ರತಮ್ ।
ಉತ್ಸೃಜ್ಯ ವರಯೇದನ್ಯಂ ಯಥಾ ತ್ವಂ ಭೀರು ಕರ್ಹಿಚಿತ್ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.74.21 in Bengali sript:
কথং নু নারী ভর্তারমনুরক্তমনুব্রতম্ ।
উত্সৃজ্য বরযেদন্যং যথা ত্বং ভীরু কর্হিচিত্ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.74.21 in Gujarati sript:
કથં નુ નારી ભર્તારમનુરક્તમનુવ્રતમ્ ।
ઉત્સૃજ્ય વરયેદન્યં યથા ત્વં ભીરુ કર્હિચિત્ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.74.21 in Malayalam sript:
കഥം നു നാരീ ഭര്താരമനുരക്തമനുവ്രതമ് ।
ഉത്സൃജ്യ വരയേദന്യം യഥാ ത്വം ഭീരു കര്ഹിചിത് ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.74.21 in Telugu sript:
కథం ను నారీ భర్తారమనురక్తమనువ్రతమ్ ।
ఉత్సృజ్య వరయేదన్యం యథా త్వం భీరు కర్హిచిత్ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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