Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.65.31

ततो रुदन्तीं तां दृष्ट्वा सुनन्दा शोककर्शिताम् ।
सुदेवेन सहैकान्ते कथयन्तीं च भारत ॥ ३१ ॥

tato rudantīṃ tāṃ dṛṣṭvā sunandā śokakarśitām |
sudevena sahaikānte kathayantīṃ ca bhārata || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...men, the blessed king Nala began to soothe horses endued with energy and strength. And raising them up with the reins and making the charioteer Varshneya sit on the car, he prepared...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.65.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Rudanti, Sunanda, Shoka, Karshita, Sudeva, Saha, Sah, Ekanta, Kathayanti, Bharata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.65.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato rudantīṃ tāṃ dṛṣṭvā sunandā śokakarśitām
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • rudantīm -
  • rudantī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • sunandā -
  • sunandā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śoka -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • karśitām -
  • karśitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛś -> karśitā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √kṛś]
  • Line 2: “sudevena sahaikānte kathayantīṃ ca bhārata
  • sudevena -
  • sudeva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sudeva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sahai -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sahā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sah (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sah (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single]
  • ekānte -
  • ekānta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ekānta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ekāntā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kathayantīm -
  • kath -> kathayantī (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √kath class 10 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.65.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.65.31 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ರುದನ್ತೀಂ ತಾಂ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಸುನನ್ದಾ ಶೋಕಕರ್ಶಿತಾಮ್ ।
ಸುದೇವೇನ ಸಹೈಕಾನ್ತೇ ಕಥಯನ್ತೀಂ ಚ ಭಾರತ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.65.31 in Bengali sript:
ততো রুদন্তীং তাং দৃষ্ট্বা সুনন্দা শোককর্শিতাম্ ।
সুদেবেন সহৈকান্তে কথযন্তীং চ ভারত ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.65.31 in Gujarati sript:
તતો રુદન્તીં તાં દૃષ્ટ્વા સુનન્દા શોકકર્શિતામ્ ।
સુદેવેન સહૈકાન્તે કથયન્તીં ચ ભારત ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.65.31 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ രുദന്തീം താം ദൃഷ്ട്വാ സുനന്ദാ ശോകകര്ശിതാമ് ।
സുദേവേന സഹൈകാന്തേ കഥയന്തീം ച ഭാരത ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.65.31 in Telugu sript:
తతో రుదన్తీం తాం దృష్ట్వా సునన్దా శోకకర్శితామ్ ।
సుదేవేన సహైకాన్తే కథయన్తీం చ భారత ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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