Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.54.24

छायाद्वितीयो म्लानस्रग्रजःस्वेदसमन्वितः ।
भूमिष्ठो नैषधश्चैव निमेषेण च सूचितः ॥ २४ ॥

chāyādvitīyo mlānasragrajaḥsvedasamanvitaḥ |
bhūmiṣṭho naiṣadhaścaiva nimeṣeṇa ca sūcitaḥ || 24 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...unto Nala in choked accents, 'O king, the citizens with the councillors of state, urged by loyalty, stay at the gate desirous of beholding you. It behoves you to grant them an interview...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.54.24). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Chayadvitiya, Mlanasraj, Raja, Rajas, Sveda, Samanvita, Bhumishtha, Naishadha, Nimesha, Sucita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.54.24). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “chāyādvitīyo mlānasragrajaḥsvedasamanvitaḥ
  • chāyādvitīyo* -
  • chāyādvitīya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mlānasrag -
  • mlānasraj (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • rajaḥ -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sveda -
  • sveda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sveda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samanvitaḥ -
  • samanvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bhūmiṣṭho naiṣadhaścaiva nimeṣeṇa ca sūcitaḥ
  • bhūmiṣṭho* -
  • bhūmiṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naiṣadhaś -
  • naiṣadha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • nimeṣeṇa -
  • nimeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sūcitaḥ -
  • sūcita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sūc -> sūcita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sūc class 10 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.54.24

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.54.24 in Kannada sript:
ಛಾಯಾದ್ವಿತೀಯೋ ಮ್ಲಾನಸ್ರಗ್ರಜಃಸ್ವೇದಸಮನ್ವಿತಃ ।
ಭೂಮಿಷ್ಠೋ ನೈಷಧಶ್ಚೈವ ನಿಮೇಷೇಣ ಚ ಸೂಚಿತಃ ॥ ೨೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.54.24 in Bengali sript:
ছাযাদ্বিতীযো ম্লানস্রগ্রজঃস্বেদসমন্বিতঃ ।
ভূমিষ্ঠো নৈষধশ্চৈব নিমেষেণ চ সূচিতঃ ॥ ২৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.54.24 in Gujarati sript:
છાયાદ્વિતીયો મ્લાનસ્રગ્રજઃસ્વેદસમન્વિતઃ ।
ભૂમિષ્ઠો નૈષધશ્ચૈવ નિમેષેણ ચ સૂચિતઃ ॥ ૨૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.54.24 in Malayalam sript:
ഛായാദ്വിതീയോ മ്ലാനസ്രഗ്രജഃസ്വേദസമന്വിതഃ ।
ഭൂമിഷ്ഠോ നൈഷധശ്ചൈവ നിമേഷേണ ച സൂചിതഃ ॥ ൨൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.54.24 in Telugu sript:
ఛాయాద్వితీయో మ్లానస్రగ్రజఃస్వేదసమన్వితః ।
భూమిష్ఠో నైషధశ్చైవ నిమేషేణ చ సూచితః ॥ ౨౪ ॥

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