Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.51.23

ततस्तच्छुश्रुवुः सर्वे नारदस्य वचो महत् ।
श्रुत्वा चैवाब्रुवन्हृष्टा गच्छामो वयमप्युत ॥ २३ ॥

tatastacchuśruvuḥ sarve nāradasya vaco mahat |
śrutvā caivābruvanhṛṣṭā gacchāmo vayamapyuta || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...accepting the gods, do you enjoy spotless robes, and celestial garlands of variegated hues, and excellent ornaments. What woman would not choose as her lord Hutasana—the chief of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.51.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Tat, Sarva, Narada, Vaca, Vacas, Mahat, Abruvat, Hrishta, Vaya, Asmad, Api, Uta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.51.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastacchuśruvuḥ sarve nāradasya vaco mahat
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śuśruvuḥ -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nāradasya -
  • nārada (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    nārada (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • vaco* -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahat -
  • atimahat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “śrutvā caivābruvanhṛṣṭā gacchāmo vayamapyuta
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • abruvan -
  • abruvat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • hṛṣṭā* -
  • hṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
  • gacchāmo* -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [present active first plural]
  • vayam -
  • vaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative dual]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.51.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.51.23 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತಚ್ಛುಶ್ರುವುಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ನಾರದಸ್ಯ ವಚೋ ಮಹತ್ ।
ಶ್ರುತ್ವಾ ಚೈವಾಬ್ರುವನ್ಹೃಷ್ಟಾ ಗಚ್ಛಾಮೋ ವಯಮಪ್ಯುತ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.51.23 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তচ্ছুশ্রুবুঃ সর্বে নারদস্য বচো মহত্ ।
শ্রুত্বা চৈবাব্রুবন্হৃষ্টা গচ্ছামো বযমপ্যুত ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.51.23 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તચ્છુશ્રુવુઃ સર્વે નારદસ્ય વચો મહત્ ।
શ્રુત્વા ચૈવાબ્રુવન્હૃષ્ટા ગચ્છામો વયમપ્યુત ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.51.23 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തച്ഛുശ്രുവുഃ സര്വേ നാരദസ്യ വചോ മഹത് ।
ശ്രുത്വാ ചൈവാബ്രുവന്ഹൃഷ്ടാ ഗച്ഛാമോ വയമപ്യുത ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.51.23 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తచ్ఛుశ్రువుః సర్వే నారదస్య వచో మహత్ ।
శ్రుత్వా చైవాబ్రువన్హృష్టా గచ్ఛామో వయమప్యుత ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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