Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.48.5

तौ ह्यप्रतिरथौ युद्धे देवपुत्रौ महारथौ ।
द्रौपद्यास्तं परिक्लेशं न क्षंस्येते त्वमर्षिणौ ॥ ५ ॥

tau hyapratirathau yuddhe devaputrau mahārathau |
draupadyāstaṃ parikleśaṃ na kṣaṃsyete tvamarṣiṇau || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...shall reap the fruit of their act. Beasts of prey and birds shall eat their flesh, and mock them thus. Jackals and vultures will drink their blood. And, O Krishna, you shalt behold...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.48.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Apratiratha, Yuddha, Devaputra, Maharatha, Draupadi, Pariklesha, Tva, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.48.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tau hyapratirathau yuddhe devaputrau mahārathau
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • apratirathau -
  • apratiratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yuddhe -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • devaputrau -
  • devaputra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mahārathau -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “draupadyāstaṃ parikleśaṃ na kṣaṃsyete tvamarṣiṇau
  • draupadyās -
  • draupadī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • parikleśam -
  • parikleśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣaṃsyete -
  • kṣam (verb class 1)
    [future middle third dual]
    kṣam (verb class 2)
    [future middle third dual]
    kṣam (verb class 4)
    [future middle third dual]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣi -
  • ṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • ṇau -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.48.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.48.5 in Kannada sript:
ತೌ ಹ್ಯಪ್ರತಿರಥೌ ಯುದ್ಧೇ ದೇವಪುತ್ರೌ ಮಹಾರಥೌ ।
ದ್ರೌಪದ್ಯಾಸ್ತಂ ಪರಿಕ್ಲೇಶಂ ನ ಕ್ಷಂಸ್ಯೇತೇ ತ್ವಮರ್ಷಿಣೌ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.48.5 in Bengali sript:
তৌ হ্যপ্রতিরথৌ যুদ্ধে দেবপুত্রৌ মহারথৌ ।
দ্রৌপদ্যাস্তং পরিক্লেশং ন ক্ষংস্যেতে ত্বমর্ষিণৌ ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.48.5 in Gujarati sript:
તૌ હ્યપ્રતિરથૌ યુદ્ધે દેવપુત્રૌ મહારથૌ ।
દ્રૌપદ્યાસ્તં પરિક્લેશં ન ક્ષંસ્યેતે ત્વમર્ષિણૌ ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.48.5 in Malayalam sript:
തൌ ഹ്യപ്രതിരഥൌ യുദ്ധേ ദേവപുത്രൌ മഹാരഥൌ ।
ദ്രൌപദ്യാസ്തം പരിക്ലേശം ന ക്ഷംസ്യേതേ ത്വമര്ഷിണൌ ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.48.5 in Telugu sript:
తౌ హ్యప్రతిరథౌ యుద్ధే దేవపుత్రౌ మహారథౌ ।
ద్రౌపద్యాస్తం పరిక్లేశం న క్షంస్యేతే త్వమర్షిణౌ ॥ ౫ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: