Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.46.38

यस्य मन्त्री च गोप्ता च सुहृच्चैव जनार्दनः ।
हरिस्त्रैलोक्यनाथः स किं नु तस्य न निर्जितम् ॥ ३८ ॥

yasya mantrī ca goptā ca suhṛccaiva janārdanaḥ |
haristrailokyanāthaḥ sa kiṃ nu tasya na nirjitam || 38 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...friends—counsels that I should have attended to in time.'" Sanjaya said, "This has been your great fault, O king, viz., that though capable, you didst not, from affection prevent...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.46.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yasya, Yah, Yat, Mantri, Mantrin, Goptri, Gopta, Suhrid, Janardana, Hari, Trailokyanatha, Kim, Tad, Nirjita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.46.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yasya mantrī ca goptā ca suhṛccaiva janārdanaḥ
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • mantrī -
  • mantrī (noun, masculine)
    mantrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    mantri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mantrin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • goptā -
  • goptṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    goptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gup (verb class 4)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • suhṛc -
  • suhṛd (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    suhṛd (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • janārdanaḥ -
  • janārdana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “haristrailokyanāthaḥ sa kiṃ nu tasya na nirjitam
  • haris -
  • hari (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    hari (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • trailokyanāthaḥ -
  • trailokyanātha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nirjitam -
  • nirjita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nirjita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nirjitā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.46.38

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.46.38 in Kannada sript:
ಯಸ್ಯ ಮನ್ತ್ರೀ ಚ ಗೋಪ್ತಾ ಚ ಸುಹೃಚ್ಚೈವ ಜನಾರ್ದನಃ ।
ಹರಿಸ್ತ್ರೈಲೋಕ್ಯನಾಥಃ ಸ ಕಿಂ ನು ತಸ್ಯ ನ ನಿರ್ಜಿತಮ್ ॥ ೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.46.38 in Bengali sript:
যস্য মন্ত্রী চ গোপ্তা চ সুহৃচ্চৈব জনার্দনঃ ।
হরিস্ত্রৈলোক্যনাথঃ স কিং নু তস্য ন নির্জিতম্ ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.46.38 in Gujarati sript:
યસ્ય મન્ત્રી ચ ગોપ્તા ચ સુહૃચ્ચૈવ જનાર્દનઃ ।
હરિસ્ત્રૈલોક્યનાથઃ સ કિં નુ તસ્ય ન નિર્જિતમ્ ॥ ૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.46.38 in Malayalam sript:
യസ്യ മന്ത്രീ ച ഗോപ്താ ച സുഹൃച്ചൈവ ജനാര്ദനഃ ।
ഹരിസ്ത്രൈലോക്യനാഥഃ സ കിം നു തസ്യ ന നിര്ജിതമ് ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.46.38 in Telugu sript:
యస్య మన్త్రీ చ గోప్తా చ సుహృచ్చైవ జనార్దనః ।
హరిస్త్రైలోక్యనాథః స కిం ను తస్య న నిర్జితమ్ ॥ ౩౮ ॥

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