Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.38.43

यदा द्रक्ष्यसि भूतेशं त्र्यक्षं शूलधरं शिवम् ।
तदा दातास्मि ते तात दिव्यान्यस्त्राणि सर्वशः ॥ ४३ ॥

yadā drakṣyasi bhūteśaṃ tryakṣaṃ śūladharaṃ śivam |
tadā dātāsmi te tāta divyānyastrāṇi sarvaśaḥ || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...three eyes, O lord of all! You are the refuge of all the gods! This universe has sprung from you. You are incapable of being vanquished by the three worlds of the celestials, the Asuras...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.38.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Bhutesha, Tryaksha, Shuladhara, Shivam, Shiva, Tada, Tad, Yushmad, Tata, Divya, Astra, Sarvashah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.38.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadā drakṣyasi bhūteśaṃ tryakṣaṃ śūladharaṃ śivam
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • drakṣyasi -
  • dṛś (verb class 1)
    [future active second single]
  • bhūteśam -
  • bhūteśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • tryakṣam -
  • tryakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tryakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tryakṣan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tryakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śūladharam -
  • śūladhara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śūladhara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śūladharā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śivam -
  • śivam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    śiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śivā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “tadā dātāsmi te tāta divyānyastrāṇi sarvaśaḥ
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • dātāsmi -
  • (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
    (verb class 2)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
    (verb class 4)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
    dai (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
    de (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active first single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tāta -
  • tāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • divyānya -
  • divya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • astrāṇi -
  • astra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarvaśaḥ -
  • sarvaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.38.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.38.43 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾ ದ್ರಕ್ಷ್ಯಸಿ ಭೂತೇಶಂ ತ್ರ್ಯಕ್ಷಂ ಶೂಲಧರಂ ಶಿವಮ್ ।
ತದಾ ದಾತಾಸ್ಮಿ ತೇ ತಾತ ದಿವ್ಯಾನ್ಯಸ್ತ್ರಾಣಿ ಸರ್ವಶಃ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.38.43 in Bengali sript:
যদা দ্রক্ষ্যসি ভূতেশং ত্র্যক্ষং শূলধরং শিবম্ ।
তদা দাতাস্মি তে তাত দিব্যান্যস্ত্রাণি সর্বশঃ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.38.43 in Gujarati sript:
યદા દ્રક્ષ્યસિ ભૂતેશં ત્ર્યક્ષં શૂલધરં શિવમ્ ।
તદા દાતાસ્મિ તે તાત દિવ્યાન્યસ્ત્રાણિ સર્વશઃ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.38.43 in Malayalam sript:
യദാ ദ്രക്ഷ്യസി ഭൂതേശം ത്ര്യക്ഷം ശൂലധരം ശിവമ് ।
തദാ ദാതാസ്മി തേ താത ദിവ്യാന്യസ്ത്രാണി സര്വശഃ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.38.43 in Telugu sript:
యదా ద్రక్ష్యసి భూతేశం త్ర్యక్షం శూలధరం శివమ్ ।
తదా దాతాస్మి తే తాత దివ్యాన్యస్త్రాణి సర్వశః ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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