Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.20.12

अमृष्यमाणोऽपसव्यं प्रद्युम्नेन स सौभराट् ।
यन्तारमस्य सहसा त्रिभिर्बाणैः समर्पयत् ॥ १२ ॥

amṛṣyamāṇo'pasavyaṃ pradyumnena sa saubharāṭ |
yantāramasya sahasā tribhirbāṇaiḥ samarpayat || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...and white as milk or the Kunda flower or the moon or silver. And seeing his soldiers fall, Salva the possessor of the car of precious metals, began to fight with the help of illusion...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.20.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Amrishyamana, Apasavyam, Apasavya, Pradyumna, Saubharaj, Yantri, Idam, Sahasa, Sahas, Tri, Bana, Arpayat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.20.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “amṛṣyamāṇo'pasavyaṃ pradyumnena sa saubharāṭ
  • amṛṣyamāṇo' -
  • amṛṣyamāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • apasavyam -
  • apasavyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    apasavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apasavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apasavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pradyumnena -
  • pradyumna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saubharāṭ -
  • saubharāj (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “yantāramasya sahasā tribhirbāṇaiḥ samarpayat
  • yantāram -
  • yantṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sahasā -
  • sahasā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sahas (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sahas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sahasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tribhir -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bāṇaiḥ -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • arpayat -
  • -> arpayat (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √]
    -> arpayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √], [vocative single from √], [accusative single from √]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.20.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.20.12 in Kannada sript:
ಅಮೃಷ್ಯಮಾಣೋಽಪಸವ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರದ್ಯುಮ್ನೇನ ಸ ಸೌಭರಾಟ್ ।
ಯನ್ತಾರಮಸ್ಯ ಸಹಸಾ ತ್ರಿಭಿರ್ಬಾಣೈಃ ಸಮರ್ಪಯತ್ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.20.12 in Bengali sript:
অমৃষ্যমাণোঽপসব্যং প্রদ্যুম্নেন স সৌভরাট্ ।
যন্তারমস্য সহসা ত্রিভির্বাণৈঃ সমর্পযত্ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.20.12 in Gujarati sript:
અમૃષ્યમાણોઽપસવ્યં પ્રદ્યુમ્નેન સ સૌભરાટ્ ।
યન્તારમસ્ય સહસા ત્રિભિર્બાણૈઃ સમર્પયત્ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.20.12 in Malayalam sript:
അമൃഷ്യമാണോഽപസവ്യം പ്രദ്യുമ്നേന സ സൌഭരാട് ।
യന്താരമസ്യ സഹസാ ത്രിഭിര്ബാണൈഃ സമര്പയത് ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.20.12 in Telugu sript:
అమృష్యమాణోఽపసవ్యం ప్రద్యుమ్నేన స సౌభరాట్ ।
యన్తారమస్య సహసా త్రిభిర్బాణైః సమర్పయత్ ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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