Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
bhojāḥ pravrajitāñśrutvā vṛṣṇayaścāndhakaiḥ saha |
pāṇḍavānduḥkhasaṃtaptānsamājagmurmahāvane || 1 ||
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pāñcālasya ca dāyādā dhṛṣṭaketuśca cedipaḥ |
kekayāśca mahāvīryā bhrātaro lokaviśrutāḥ || 2 ||
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vane te'bhiyayuḥ pārthānkrodhāmarśasamanvitāḥ |
garhayanto dhārtarāṣṭrānkiṃ kurma iti cābruvan || 3 ||
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vāsudevaṃ puraskṛtya sarve te kṣatriyarṣabhāḥ |
parivāryopaviviśurdharmarājaṃ yudhiṣṭhiram || 4 ||
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vāsudeva uvāca |
duryodhanasya karṇasya śakuneśca durātmanaḥ |
duḥśāsanacaturthānāṃ bhūmiḥ pāsyati śoṇitam || 5 ||
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tataḥ sarve'bhiṣiñcāmo dharmarājaṃ yudhiṣṭhiram |
nikṛtyopacaranvadhya eṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 6 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
pārthānāmabhiṣaṅgeṇa tathā kruddhaṃ janārdanam |
arjunaḥ śamayāmāsā didhakṣantamiva prajāḥ || 7 ||
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saṃkruddhaṃ keśavaṃ dṛṣṭvā pūrvadeheṣu phalgunaḥ |
kīrtayāmāsa karmāṇi satyakīrtermahātmanaḥ || 8 ||
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puruṣasyāprameyasya satyasyāmitatejasaḥ |
prajāpatipaterviṣṇorlokanāthasya dhīmataḥ || 9 ||
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arjuna uvāca |
daśa varṣasahasrāṇi yatrasāyaṃgṛho muniḥ |
vyacarastvaṃ purā kṛṣṇa parvate gandhamādane || 10 ||
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daśa varṣasahasrāṇi daśa varṣaśatāni ca |
puṣkareṣvavasaḥ kṛṣṇa tvamapo bhakṣayanpurā || 11 ||
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ūrdhvabāhurviśālāyāṃ badaryāṃ madhusūdana |
atiṣṭha ekapādena vāyubhakṣaḥ śataṃ samāḥ || 12 ||
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apakṛṣṭottarāsaṅgaḥ kṛśo dhamanisaṃtataḥ |
āsīḥ kṛṣṇa sarasvatyāṃ satre dvādaśavārṣike || 13 ||
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prabhāsaṃ cāpyathāsādya tīrthaṃ puṇyajanocitam |
tathā kṛṣṇa mahātejā divyaṃ varṣasahasrakam |
ātiṣṭhastapa ekena pādena niyame sthitaḥ || 14 ||
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kṣetrajñaḥ sarvabhūtānāmādirantaśca keśava |
nidhānaṃ tapasāṃ kṛṣṇa yajñastvaṃ ca sanātanaḥ || 15 ||
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nihatya narakaṃ bhaumamāhṛtya maṇikuṇḍale |
prathamotpāditaṃ kṛṣṇa medhyamaśvamavāsṛjaḥ || 16 ||
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kṛtvā tatkarma lokānāmṛṣabhaḥ sarvalokajit |
avadhīstvaṃ raṇe sarvānsametāndaityadānavān || 17 ||
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tataḥ sarveśvaratvaṃ ca saṃpradāya śacīpateḥ |
mānuṣeṣu mahābāho prādurbhūto'si keśava || 18 ||
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sa tvaṃ nārāyaṇo bhūtvā harirāsīḥ paraṃtapa |
brahmā somaśca sūryaśca dharmo dhātā yamo'nalaḥ || 19 ||
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vāyurvaiśravaṇo rudraḥ kālaḥ khaṃ pṛthivī diśaḥ |
ajaścarācaraguruḥ sraṣṭā tvaṃ puruṣottama || 20 ||
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turāyaṇādibhirdeva kratubhirbhūridakṣiṇaiḥ |
ayajo bhūritejā vai kṛṣṇa caitrarathe vane || 21 ||
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śataṃ śatasahasrāṇi suvarṇasya janārdana |
ekaikasmiṃstadā yajñe paripūrṇāni bhāgaśaḥ || 22 ||
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aditerapi putratvametya yādavanandana |
tvaṃ viṣṇuriti vikhyāta indrādavarajo bhuvi || 23 ||
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śiśurbhūtvā divaṃ khaṃ ca pṛthivīṃ ca paraṃtapa |
tribhirvikramaṇaiḥ kṛṣṇa krāntavānasi tejasā || 24 ||
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saṃprāpya divamākāśamādityasadane sthitaḥ |
atyarocaśca bhūtātmanbhāskaraṃ svena tejasā || 25 ||
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sāditā mauravāḥ pāśā nisundanarakau hatau |
kṛtaḥ kṣemaḥ punaḥ panthāḥ puraṃ prāgjyotiṣaṃ prati || 26 ||
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jārūthyāmāhutiḥ krāthaḥ śiśupālo janaiḥ saha |
bhīmasenaśca śaibyaśca śatadhanvā ca nirjitaḥ || 27 ||
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tathā parjanyaghoṣeṇa rathenādityavarcasā |
avākṣīrmahiṣīṃ bhojyāṃ raṇe nirjitya rukmiṇam || 28 ||
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indradyumno hataḥ kopādyavanaśca kaśerumān |
hataḥ saubhapatiḥ śālvastvayā saubhaṃ ca pātitam || 29 ||
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irāvatyāṃ tathā bhojaḥ kārtavīryasamo yudhi |
gopatistālaketuśca tvayā vinihatāvubhau || 30 ||
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tāṃ ca bhogavatīṃ puṇyāmṛṣikāntāṃ janārdana |
dvārakāmātmasātkṛtvā samudraṃ gamayiṣyasi || 31 ||
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na krodho na ca mātsaryaṃ nānṛtaṃ madhusūdana |
tvayi tiṣṭhati dāśārha na nṛśaṃsyaṃ kuto'nṛju || 32 ||
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āsīnaṃ cittamadhye tvāṃ dīpyamānaṃ svatejasā |
āgamya ṛṣayaḥ sarve'yācantābhayamacyuta || 33 ||
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yugānte sarvabhūtāni saṃkṣipya madhusūdana |
ātmanyevātmasātkṛtvā jagadāsse paraṃtapa || 34 ||
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naivaṃ pūrve nāpare vā kariṣyanti kṛtāni te |
karmāṇi yāni deva tvaṃ bāla eva mahādyute || 35 ||
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kṛtavānpuṇḍarīkākṣa baladevasahāyavān |
vairājabhavane cāpi brahmaṇā nyavasaḥ saha || 36 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
evamuktvā tadātmānamātmā kṛṣṇasya pāṇḍavaḥ |
tūṣṇīmāsīttataḥ pārthamityuvāca janārdanaḥ || 37 ||
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mamaiva tvaṃ tavaivāhaṃ ye madīyāstavaiva te |
yastvāṃ dveṣṭi sa māṃ dveṣṭi yastvāmanu sa māmanu || 38 ||
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narastvamasi durdharṣa harirnārāyaṇo hyaham |
lokāllokamimaṃ prāptau naranārāyaṇāvṛṣī || 39 ||
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ananyaḥ pārtha mattastvamahaṃ tvattaśca bhārata |
nāvayorantaraṃ śakyaṃ vedituṃ bharatarṣabha || 40 ||
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tasminvīrasamāvāye saṃrabdheṣvatha rājasu |
dhṛṣṭadyumnamukhairvīrairbhrātṛbhiḥ parivāritā || 41 ||
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pāñcālī puṇḍarīkākṣamāsīnaṃ yādavaiḥ saha |
abhigamyābravītkṛṣṇā śaraṇyaṃ śaraṇaiṣiṇī || 42 ||
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pūrve prajānisarge tvāmāhurekaṃ prajāpatim |
sraṣṭāraṃ sarvabhūtānāmasito devalo'bravīt || 43 ||
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viṣṇustvamasi durdharṣa tvaṃ yajño madhusūdana |
yaṣṭā tvamasi yaṣṭavyo jāmadagnyo yathābravīt || 44 ||
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ṛṣayastvāṃ kṣamāmāhuḥ satyaṃ ca puruṣottama |
satyādyajño'si saṃbhūtaḥ kaśyapastvāṃ yathābravīt || 45 ||
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sādhyānāmapi devānāṃ vasūnāmīśvareśvaraḥ |
lokabhāvana lokeśa yathā tvāṃ nārado'bravīt || 46 ||
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divaṃ te śirasā vyāptaṃ padbhyāṃ ca pṛthivī vibho |
jaṭharaṃ te ime lokāḥ puruṣo'si sanātanaḥ || 47 ||
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vidyātapo'bhitaptānāṃ tapasā bhāvitātmanām |
ātmadarśanasiddhānāmṛṣīṇāmṛṣisattama || 48 ||
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rājarṣīṇāṃ puṇyakṛtāmāhaveṣvanivartinām |
sarvadharmopapannānāṃ tvaṃ gatiḥ puruṣottama || 49 ||
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tvaṃ prabhustvaṃ vibhustvaṃ bhūrātmabhūstvaṃ sanātanaḥ |
lokapālāśca lokāśca nakṣatrāṇi diśo daśa |
nabhaścandraśca sūryaśca tvayi sarvaṃ pratiṣṭhitam || 50 ||
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martyatā caiva bhūtānāmamaratvaṃ divaukasām |
tvayi sarvaṃ mahābāho lokakāryaṃ pratiṣṭhitam || 51 ||
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sā te'haṃ duḥkhamākhyāsye praṇayānmadhusūdana |
īśastvaṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ ye divyā ye ca mānuṣāḥ || 52 ||
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kathaṃ nu bhāryā pārthānāṃ tava kṛṣṇa sakhī vibho |
dhṛṣṭadyumnasya bhaginī sabhāṃ kṛṣyeta mādṛśī || 53 ||
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strīdharmiṇī vepamānā rudhireṇa samukṣitā |
ekavastrā vikṛṣṭāsmi duḥkhitā kurusaṃsadi || 54 ||
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rājamadhye sabhāyāṃ tu rajasābhisamīritām |
dṛṣṭvā ca māṃ dhārtarāṣṭrāḥ prāhasanpāpacetasaḥ || 55 ||
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dāsībhāvena bhoktuṃ māmīṣuste madhusūdana |
jīvatsu pāṇḍuputreṣu pāñcāleṣvatha vṛṣṇiṣu || 56 ||
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nanvahaṃ kṛṣṇa bhīṣmasya dhṛtarāṣṭrasya cobhayoḥ |
snuṣā bhavāmi dharmeṇa sāhaṃ dāsīkṛtā balāt || 57 ||
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garhaye pāṇḍavāṃstveva yudhi śreṣṭhānmahābalān |
ye kliśyamānāṃ prekṣante dharmapatnīṃ yaśasvinīm || 58 ||
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dhigbalaṃ bhīmasenasya dhikpārthasya dhanuṣmatām |
yau māṃ viprakṛtāṃ kṣudrairmarṣayetāṃ janārdana || 59 ||
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śāśvato'yaṃ dharmapathaḥ sadbhirācaritaḥ sadā |
yadbhāryāṃ parirakṣanti bhartāro'lpabalā api || 60 ||
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bhāryāyāṃ rakṣyamāṇāyāṃ prajā bhavati rakṣitā |
prajāyāṃ rakṣyamāṇāyāmātmā bhavati rakṣitaḥ || 61 ||
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ātmā hi jāyate tasyāṃ tasmājjāyā bhavatyuta |
bhartā ca bhāryayā rakṣyaḥ kathaṃ jāyānmamodare || 62 ||
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nanvime śaraṇaṃ prāptānna tyajanti kadācana |
te māṃ śaraṇamāpannāṃ nānvapadyanta pāṇḍavāḥ || 63 ||
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pañceme pañcabhirjātāḥ kumārāścāmitaujasaḥ |
eteṣāmapyavekṣārthaṃ trātavyāsmi janārdana || 64 ||
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prativindhyo yudhiṣṭhirātsutasomo vṛkodarāt |
arjunācchrutakīrtistu śatānīkastu nākuliḥ || 65 ||
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kaniṣṭhācchrutakarmā tu sarve satyaparākramāḥ |
pradyumno yādṛśaḥ kṛṣṇa tādṛśāste mahārathāḥ || 66 ||
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nanvime dhanuṣi śreṣṭhā ajeyā yudhi śātravaiḥ |
kimarthaṃ dhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ sahante durbalīyasām || 67 ||
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adharmeṇa hṛtaṃ rājyaṃ sarve dāsāḥ kṛtāstathā |
sabhāyāṃ parikṛṣṭāhamekavastrā rajasvalā || 68 ||
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nādhijyamapi yacchakyaṃ kartumanyena gāṇḍivam |
anyatrārjunabhīmābhyāṃ tvayā vā madhusūdana || 69 ||
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dhigbhīmasenasya balaṃ dhikpārthasya ca gāṇḍivam |
yatra duryodhanaḥ kṛṣṇa muhūrtamapi jīvati || 70 ||
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ya etānākṣipadrāṣṭrātsaha mātrāvihiṃsakān |
adhīyānānpurā bālānvratasthānmadhusūdana || 71 ||
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bhojane bhīmasenasya pāpaḥ prākṣepayadviṣam |
kālakūṭaṃ navaṃ tīkṣṇaṃ saṃbhṛtaṃ lomaharṣaṇam || 72 ||
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tajjīrṇamavikāreṇa sahānnena janārdana |
saśeṣatvānmahābāho bhīmasya puruṣottama || 73 ||
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pramāṇakoṭyāṃ viśvastaṃ tathā suptaṃ vṛkodaram |
baddhvainaṃ kṛṣṇa gaṅgāyāṃ prakṣipya punarāvrajat || 74 ||
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yadā vibuddhaḥ kaunteyastadā saṃchidya bandhanam |
udatiṣṭhanmahābāhurbhīmaseno mahābalaḥ || 75 ||
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āśīviṣaiḥ kṛṣṇasarpaiḥ suptaṃ cainamadaṃśayat |
sarveṣvevāṅgadeśeṣu na mamāra ca śatruhā || 76 ||
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pratibuddhastu kaunteyaḥ sarvānsarpānapothayat |
sārathiṃ cāsya dayitamapahastena jaghnivān || 77 ||
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punaḥ suptānupādhākṣīdbālakānvāraṇāvate |
śayānānāryayā sārdhaṃ ko nu tatkartumarhati || 78 ||
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yatrāryā rudatī bhītā pāṇḍavānidamabravīt |
mahadvyasanamāpannā śikhinā parivāritā || 79 ||
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hā hatāsmi kuto nvadya bhavecchāntirihānalāt |
anāthā vinaśiṣyāmi bālakaiḥ putrakaiḥ saha || 80 ||
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tatra bhīmo mahābāhurvāyuvegaparākramaḥ |
āryāmāśvāsayāmāsa bhrātṝṃścāpi vṛkodaraḥ || 81 ||
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vainateyo yathā pakṣī garuḍaḥ patatāṃ varaḥ |
tathaivābhipatiṣyāmi bhayaṃ vo neha vidyate || 82 ||
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āryāmaṅkena vāmena rājānaṃ dakṣiṇena ca |
aṃsayośca yamau kṛtvā pṛṣṭhe bībhatsumeva ca || 83 ||
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sahasotpatya vegena sarvānādāya vīryavān |
bhrātṝnāryāṃ ca balavānmokṣayāmāsa pāvakāt || 84 ||
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te rātrau prasthitāḥ sarve mātrā saha yaśasvinaḥ |
abhyagacchanmahāraṇyaṃ hiḍimbavanamantikāt || 85 ||
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śrāntāḥ prasuptāstatreme mātrā saha suduḥkhitāḥ |
suptāṃścainānabhyagacchaddhiḍimbā nāma rākṣasī || 86 ||
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bhīmasya pādau kṛtvā tu sva utsaṅge tato balāt |
paryamardata saṃhṛṣṭā kalyāṇī mṛdupāṇinā || 87 ||
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tāmabudhyadameyātmā balavānsatyavikramaḥ |
paryapṛcchacca tāṃ bhīmaḥ kimihecchasyanindite || 88 ||
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tayoḥ śrutvā tu kathitamāgacchadrākṣasādhamaḥ |
bhīmarūpo mahānādānvisṛjanbhīmadarśanaḥ || 89 ||
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kena sārdhaṃ kathayasi ānayainaṃ mamāntikam |
hiḍimbe bhakṣayiṣyāvo na ciraṃ kartumarhasi || 90 ||
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sā kṛpāsaṃgṛhītena hṛdayena manasvinī |
nainamaicchattadākhyātumanukrośādaninditā || 91 ||
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sa nādānvinadanghorānrākṣasaḥ puruṣādakaḥ |
abhyadravata vegena bhīmasenaṃ tadā kila || 92 ||
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tamabhidrutya saṃkruddho vegena mahatā balī |
agṛhṇātpāṇinā pāṇiṃ bhīmasenasya rākṣasaḥ || 93 ||
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indrāśanisamasparśaṃ vajrasaṃhananaṃ dṛḍham |
saṃhatya bhīmasenāya vyākṣipatsahasā karam || 94 ||
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gṛhītaṃ pāṇinā pāṇiṃ bhīmaseno'tha rakṣasā |
nāmṛṣyata mahābāhustatrākrudhyadvṛkodaraḥ || 95 ||
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tatrāsīttumulaṃ yuddhaṃ bhīmasenahiḍimbayoḥ |
sarvāstraviduṣorghoraṃ vṛtravāsavayoriva || 96 ||
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hatvā hiḍimbaṃ bhīmo'tha prasthito bhrātṛbhiḥ saha |
hiḍimbāmagrataḥ kṛtvā yasyāṃ jāto ghaṭotkacaḥ || 97 ||
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tataśca prādravansarve saha mātrā yaśasvinaḥ |
ekacakrāmabhimukhāḥ saṃvṛtā brāhmaṇavrajaiḥ || 98 ||
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prasthāne vyāsa eṣāṃ ca mantrī priyahito'bhavat |
tato'gacchannekacakrāṃ pāṇḍavāḥ saṃśitavratāḥ || 99 ||
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tatrāpyāsādayāmāsurbakaṃ nāma mahābalam |
puruṣādaṃ pratibhayaṃ hiḍimbenaiva saṃmitam || 100 ||
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taṃ cāpi vinihatyograṃ bhīmaḥ praharatāṃ varaḥ |
sahito bhrātṛbhiḥ sarvairdrupadasya puraṃ yayau || 101 ||
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labdhāhamapi tatraiva vasatā savyasācinā |
yathā tvayā jitā kṛṣṇa rukmiṇī bhīṣmakātmajā || 102 ||
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evaṃ suyuddhe pārthena jitāhaṃ madhusūdana |
svayaṃvare mahatkarma kṛtvā nasukaraṃ paraiḥ || 103 ||
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evaṃ kleśaiḥ subahubhiḥ kliśyamānāḥ suduḥkhitāḥ |
nivasāmāryayā hīnāḥ kṛṣṇa dhaumyapuraḥsarāḥ || 104 ||
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ta ime siṃhavikrāntā vīryeṇābhyadhikāḥ paraiḥ |
vihīnaiḥ parikliśyantīṃ samupekṣanta māṃ katham || 105 ||
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etādṛśāni duḥkhāni sahante durbalīyasām |
dīrghakālaṃ pradīptāni pāpānāṃ kṣudrakarmaṇām || 106 ||
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kule mahati jātāsmi divyena vidhinā kila |
pāṇḍavānāṃ priyā bhāryā snuṣā pāṇḍormahātmanaḥ || 107 ||
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kacagrahamanuprāptā sāsmi kṛṣṇa varā satī |
pañcānāmindrakalpānāṃ prekṣatāṃ madhusūdana || 108 ||
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ityuktvā prārudatkṛṣṇā mukhaṃ pracchādya pāṇinā |
padmakośaprakāśena mṛdunā mṛdubhāṣiṇī || 109 ||
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stanāvapatitau pīnau sujātau śubhalakṣaṇau |
abhyavarṣata pāñcālī duḥkhajairaśrubindubhiḥ || 110 ||
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cakṣuṣī parimārjantī niḥśvasantī punaḥ punaḥ |
bāṣpapūrṇena kaṇṭhena kruddhā vacanamabravīt || 111 ||
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naiva me patayaḥ santi na putrā madhusūdana |
na bhrātaro na ca pitā naiva tvaṃ na ca bāndhavāḥ || 112 ||
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ye māṃ viprakṛtāṃ kṣudrairupekṣadhvaṃ viśokavat |
na hi me śāmyate duḥkhaṃ karṇo yatprāhasattadā || 113 ||
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athaināmabravītkṛṣṇastasminvīrasamāgame |
rodiṣyanti striyo hyevaṃ yeṣāṃ kruddhāsi bhāmini || 114 ||
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bībhatsuśarasaṃchannāñśoṇitaughapariplutān |
nihatāñjīvitaṃ tyaktvā śayānānvasudhātale || 115 ||
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yatsamarthaṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ tatkariṣyāmi mā śucaḥ |
satyaṃ te pratijānāmi rājñāṃ rājñī bhaviṣyasi || 116 ||
[Analyze grammar]

pateddyaurhimavāñśīryetpṛthivī śakalībhavet |
śuṣyettoyanidhiḥ kṛṣṇe na me moghaṃ vaco bhavet || 117 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dhṛṣṭadyumna uvāca |
ahaṃ droṇaṃ haniṣyāmi śikhaṇḍī tu pitāmaham |
duryodhanaṃ bhīmasenaḥ karṇaṃ hantā dhanaṃjayaḥ || 118 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rāmakṛṣṇau vyapāśritya ajeyāḥ sma śucismite |
api vṛtrahaṇā yuddhe kiṃ punardhṛtarāṣṭrajaiḥ || 119 ||
[Analyze grammar]

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
ityukte'bhimukhā vīrā vāsudevamupasthitā |
teṣāṃ madhye mahābāhuḥ keśavo vākyamabravīt || 120 ||
[Analyze grammar]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 13

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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