Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.11.19

दुर्योधन महाबाहो निबोध वदतां वर ।
वचनं मे महाप्राज्ञ ब्रुवतो यद्धितं तव ॥ १९ ॥

duryodhana mahābāho nibodha vadatāṃ vara |
vacanaṃ me mahāprājña bruvato yaddhitaṃ tava || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...towards all! But, O Sakra, I feel greater compassion for one that is weak and innocent!' "Vyasa continued, 'Then Indra having heard these words of Suravi, was much surprised, and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.11.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Duryodhana, Mahabaha, Bodha, Vadat, Vara, Vacana, Asmad, Mahaprajna, Bruva, Tas, Yat, Yad, Hita, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.11.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “duryodhana mahābāho nibodha vadatāṃ vara
  • duryodhana -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duryodhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahābāho* -
  • mahābāha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    ni (Preverb)
  • bodha -
  • bodha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bodha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    budh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vadatām -
  • vad -> vadat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad -> vadat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active third dual], [imperative middle third single]
  • vara -
  • vara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “vacanaṃ me mahāprājña bruvato yaddhitaṃ tava
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • mahāprājña -
  • mahāprājña (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahāprājña (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bruva -
  • bruva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bruva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • to* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yaddh -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hitam -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hitā (noun, feminine)
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √hi class 5 verb], [accusative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.11.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.11.19 in Kannada sript:
ದುರ್ಯೋಧನ ಮಹಾಬಾಹೋ ನಿಬೋಧ ವದತಾಂ ವರ ।
ವಚನಂ ಮೇ ಮಹಾಪ್ರಾಜ್ಞ ಬ್ರುವತೋ ಯದ್ಧಿತಂ ತವ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.11.19 in Bengali sript:
দুর্যোধন মহাবাহো নিবোধ বদতাং বর ।
বচনং মে মহাপ্রাজ্ঞ ব্রুবতো যদ্ধিতং তব ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.11.19 in Gujarati sript:
દુર્યોધન મહાબાહો નિબોધ વદતાં વર ।
વચનં મે મહાપ્રાજ્ઞ બ્રુવતો યદ્ધિતં તવ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.11.19 in Malayalam sript:
ദുര്യോധന മഹാബാഹോ നിബോധ വദതാം വര ।
വചനം മേ മഹാപ്രാജ്ഞ ബ്രുവതോ യദ്ധിതം തവ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.11.19 in Telugu sript:
దుర్యోధన మహాబాహో నిబోధ వదతాం వర ।
వచనం మే మహాప్రాజ్ఞ బ్రువతో యద్ధితం తవ ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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