Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.3.23

संवत्सरकरोऽश्वत्थः कालचक्रो विभावसुः ।
पुरुषः शाश्वतो योगी व्यक्ताव्यक्तः सनातनः ॥ २३ ॥

saṃvatsarakaro'śvatthaḥ kālacakro vibhāvasuḥ |
puruṣaḥ śāśvato yogī vyaktāvyaktaḥ sanātanaḥ || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Maitreya. These are the hundred and eight names of Surya of immeasurable energy, as told by the self-create (Brahma). For the acquisition of prosperity, I bow down to you, O Bhaskara...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.3.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Samvatsarakara, Ashvattha, Kalacakra, Vibhavasu, Purusha, Shashvata, Yogin, Yogi, Vyaktavyakta, Sanatana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.3.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃvatsarakaro'śvatthaḥ kālacakro vibhāvasuḥ
  • saṃvatsarakaro' -
  • saṃvatsarakara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśvatthaḥ -
  • aśvattha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kālacakro* -
  • kālacakra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vibhāvasuḥ -
  • vibhāvasu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vibhāvasu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “puruṣaḥ śāśvato yogī vyaktāvyaktaḥ sanātanaḥ
  • puruṣaḥ -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śāśvato* -
  • śāśvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yogī -
  • yogī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yogī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    yogin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vyaktāvyaktaḥ -
  • vyaktāvyakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sanātanaḥ -
  • sanātana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.3.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.3.23 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂವತ್ಸರಕರೋಽಶ್ವತ್ಥಃ ಕಾಲಚಕ್ರೋ ವಿಭಾವಸುಃ ।
ಪುರುಷಃ ಶಾಶ್ವತೋ ಯೋಗೀ ವ್ಯಕ್ತಾವ್ಯಕ್ತಃ ಸನಾತನಃ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.3.23 in Bengali sript:
সংবত্সরকরোঽশ্বত্থঃ কালচক্রো বিভাবসুঃ ।
পুরুষঃ শাশ্বতো যোগী ব্যক্তাব্যক্তঃ সনাতনঃ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.3.23 in Gujarati sript:
સંવત્સરકરોઽશ્વત્થઃ કાલચક્રો વિભાવસુઃ ।
પુરુષઃ શાશ્વતો યોગી વ્યક્તાવ્યક્તઃ સનાતનઃ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.3.23 in Malayalam sript:
സംവത്സരകരോഽശ്വത്ഥഃ കാലചക്രോ വിഭാവസുഃ ।
പുരുഷഃ ശാശ്വതോ യോഗീ വ്യക്താവ്യക്തഃ സനാതനഃ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.3.23 in Telugu sript:
సంవత్సరకరోఽశ్వత్థః కాలచక్రో విభావసుః ।
పురుషః శాశ్వతో యోగీ వ్యక్తావ్యక్తః సనాతనః ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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