Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.70.12

तदवस्थान्सुतान्सर्वानुपसृत्यातिवत्सला ।
सस्वजानावदच्छोकात्तत्तद्विलपती बहु ॥ १२ ॥

tadavasthānsutānsarvānupasṛtyātivatsalā |
sasvajānāvadacchokāttattadvilapatī bahu || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...great benefit to you. No foe, even if he were equal to sakra himself, will be able to stand it. Formerly you were instructed on the mountains of Himavat by Meru Savarni; in the town...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.70.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tadavastha, Suta, Sarva, Upasritya, Vatsala, Sasvajana, Adat, Shoka, Tat, Tad, Vilapati, Bahu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.70.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadavasthānsutānsarvānupasṛtyātivatsalā
  • tadavasthān -
  • tadavastha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • sutān -
  • suta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √ class 2 verb]
  • sarvān -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • upasṛtyā -
  • upasṛtya (indeclinable)
  • āti -
  • āti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vatsalā -
  • vatsalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sasvajānāvadacchokāttattadvilapatī bahu
  • sasvajānāva -
  • svaj -> sasvajāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √svaj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √svaj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √svaj class 1 verb]
    svañj -> sasvajāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √svañj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √svañj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √svañj class 1 verb]
  • adacch -
  • adat (noun, masculine)
    adat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śokāt -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vilapatī -
  • vilapatī (noun, masculine)
    vilapatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • bahu -
  • bahu (indeclinable)
    bahu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bahu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.70.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.70.12 in Kannada sript:
ತದವಸ್ಥಾನ್ಸುತಾನ್ಸರ್ವಾನುಪಸೃತ್ಯಾತಿವತ್ಸಲಾ ।
ಸಸ್ವಜಾನಾವದಚ್ಛೋಕಾತ್ತತ್ತದ್ವಿಲಪತೀ ಬಹು ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.70.12 in Bengali sript:
তদবস্থান্সুতান্সর্বানুপসৃত্যাতিবত্সলা ।
সস্বজানাবদচ্ছোকাত্তত্তদ্বিলপতী বহু ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.70.12 in Gujarati sript:
તદવસ્થાન્સુતાન્સર્વાનુપસૃત્યાતિવત્સલા ।
સસ્વજાનાવદચ્છોકાત્તત્તદ્વિલપતી બહુ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.70.12 in Malayalam sript:
തദവസ്ഥാന്സുതാന്സര്വാനുപസൃത്യാതിവത്സലാ ।
സസ്വജാനാവദച്ഛോകാത്തത്തദ്വിലപതീ ബഹു ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.70.12 in Telugu sript:
తదవస్థాన్సుతాన్సర్వానుపసృత్యాతివత్సలా ।
సస్వజానావదచ్ఛోకాత్తత్తద్విలపతీ బహు ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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