Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.45.20

रथयोषिद्गवाश्वस्य शतशोऽथ सहस्रशः ।
त्रिंशतं चोष्ट्रवामीनां शतानि विचरन्त्युत ॥ २० ॥

rathayoṣidgavāśvasya śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ |
triṃśataṃ coṣṭravāmīnāṃ śatāni vicarantyuta || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...possessed of such splendour makes me pale. Knowing the affluence of the foe and my own destitution, even though that affluence is not before me, I yet see it before me. Therefore,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.45.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ratha, Yoshit, Gavashva, Shatashah, Atha, Sahasrashah, Sahasrashas, Trimshat, Ushtravami, Ina, Shata, Vicaranti, Uta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.45.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rathayoṣidgavāśvasya śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ
  • ratha -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yoṣid -
  • yoṣit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • gavāśvasya -
  • gavāśva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • śataśo' -
  • śataśaḥ (indeclinable)
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
  • sahasraśaḥ -
  • sahasraśaḥ (indeclinable)
    sahasraśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “triṃśataṃ coṣṭravāmīnāṃ śatāni vicarantyuta
  • triṃśatam -
  • triṃśat (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • co -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • uṣṭravāmī -
  • uṣṭravāmi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • inām -
  • inā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śatāni -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vicarantyu -
  • vicarantī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vicarantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vicarantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.45.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.45.20 in Kannada sript:
ರಥಯೋಷಿದ್ಗವಾಶ್ವಸ್ಯ ಶತಶೋಽಥ ಸಹಸ್ರಶಃ ।
ತ್ರಿಂಶತಂ ಚೋಷ್ಟ್ರವಾಮೀನಾಂ ಶತಾನಿ ವಿಚರನ್ತ್ಯುತ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.45.20 in Bengali sript:
রথযোষিদ্গবাশ্বস্য শতশোঽথ সহস্রশঃ ।
ত্রিংশতং চোষ্ট্রবামীনাং শতানি বিচরন্ত্যুত ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.45.20 in Gujarati sript:
રથયોષિદ્ગવાશ્વસ્ય શતશોઽથ સહસ્રશઃ ।
ત્રિંશતં ચોષ્ટ્રવામીનાં શતાનિ વિચરન્ત્યુત ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.45.20 in Malayalam sript:
രഥയോഷിദ്ഗവാശ്വസ്യ ശതശോഽഥ സഹസ്രശഃ ।
ത്രിംശതം ചോഷ്ട്രവാമീനാം ശതാനി വിചരന്ത്യുത ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 2.45.20 in Telugu sript:
రథయోషిద్గవాశ్వస్య శతశోఽథ సహస్రశః ।
త్రింశతం చోష్ట్రవామీనాం శతాని విచరన్త్యుత ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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