Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.31.9

यज्ञसेनः सपुत्रश्च शाल्वश्च वसुधाधिपः ।
प्राग्ज्योतिषश्च नृपतिर्भगदत्तो महायशाः ॥ ९ ॥

yajñasenaḥ saputraśca śālvaśca vasudhādhipaḥ |
prāgjyotiṣaśca nṛpatirbhagadatto mahāyaśāḥ || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Yudhishthira the just gave unto each of those Brahmanas thousands of kine and beds and gold coins and damsels. Thus commenced on earth the sacrifice of that unrivalled hero, the illustrious...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.31.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yajnasena, Saputra, Shalva, Vasudhadhipa, Pragjyotisha, Nripati, Bhagadatta, Mahayashas, Mahayasha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.31.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yajñ;asenaḥ saputraśca śālvaśca vasudhādhipaḥ
  • yajñasenaḥ -
  • yajñasena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saputraś -
  • saputra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śālvaś -
  • śālva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vasudhādhipaḥ -
  • vasudhādhipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “prāgjyotiṣaśca nṛpatirbhagadatto mahāyaśāḥ
  • prāgjyotiṣaś -
  • prāgjyotiṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nṛpatir -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhagadatto* -
  • bhagadatta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahāyaśāḥ -
  • mahāyaśas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mahāyaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahāyaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.31.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.31.9 in Kannada sript:
ಯಜ್ಞಸೇನಃ ಸಪುತ್ರಶ್ಚ ಶಾಲ್ವಶ್ಚ ವಸುಧಾಧಿಪಃ ।
ಪ್ರಾಗ್ಜ್ಯೋತಿಷಶ್ಚ ನೃಪತಿರ್ಭಗದತ್ತೋ ಮಹಾಯಶಾಃ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.31.9 in Bengali sript:
যজ্ঞসেনঃ সপুত্রশ্চ শাল্বশ্চ বসুধাধিপঃ ।
প্রাগ্জ্যোতিষশ্চ নৃপতির্ভগদত্তো মহাযশাঃ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.31.9 in Gujarati sript:
યજ્ઞસેનઃ સપુત્રશ્ચ શાલ્વશ્ચ વસુધાધિપઃ ।
પ્રાગ્જ્યોતિષશ્ચ નૃપતિર્ભગદત્તો મહાયશાઃ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.31.9 in Malayalam sript:
യജ്ഞസേനഃ സപുത്രശ്ച ശാല്വശ്ച വസുധാധിപഃ ।
പ്രാഗ്ജ്യോതിഷശ്ച നൃപതിര്ഭഗദത്തോ മഹായശാഃ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 2.31.9 in Telugu sript:
యజ్ఞసేనః సపుత్రశ్చ శాల్వశ్చ వసుధాధిపః ।
ప్రాగ్జ్యోతిషశ్చ నృపతిర్భగదత్తో మహాయశాః ॥ ౯ ॥

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