Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.31.8

सोमदत्तोऽथ कौरव्यो भूरिर्भूरिश्रवाः शलः ।
अश्वत्थामा कृपो द्रोणः सैन्धवश्च जयद्रथः ॥ ८ ॥

somadatto'tha kauravyo bhūrirbhūriśravāḥ śalaḥ |
aśvatthāmā kṛpo droṇaḥ saindhavaśca jayadrathaḥ || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Brahmanas, cheerfully eating and talking, was heard there without intermission. 'Give,' and 'Eat' were the words that were heard there incessantly and every day. And, O Bharata, king Yudhishthira...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.31.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Somadatta, Atha, Kauravi, Kauravya, Bhuri, Bhurishravas, Bhurishrava, Shala, Ashvatthama, Ashvatthaman, Krip, Kripa, Drona, Saindhava, Jayadratha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.31.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “somadatto'tha kauravyo bhūrirbhūriśravāḥ śalaḥ
  • somadatto' -
  • somadatta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kauravyo* -
  • kauravī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhūrir -
  • bhūri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhūri (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhūriśravāḥ -
  • bhūriśravas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhūriśravā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhūriśrava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • śalaḥ -
  • śala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “aśvatthāmā kṛpo droṇaḥ saindhavaśca jayadrathaḥ
  • aśvatthāmā -
  • aśvatthāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    aśvatthāman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛpo* -
  • kṛp (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • droṇaḥ -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saindhavaś -
  • saindhava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jayadrathaḥ -
  • jayadratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.31.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.31.8 in Kannada sript:
ಸೋಮದತ್ತೋಽಥ ಕೌರವ್ಯೋ ಭೂರಿರ್ಭೂರಿಶ್ರವಾಃ ಶಲಃ ।
ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮಾ ಕೃಪೋ ದ್ರೋಣಃ ಸೈನ್ಧವಶ್ಚ ಜಯದ್ರಥಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.31.8 in Bengali sript:
সোমদত্তোঽথ কৌরব্যো ভূরির্ভূরিশ্রবাঃ শলঃ ।
অশ্বত্থামা কৃপো দ্রোণঃ সৈন্ধবশ্চ জযদ্রথঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.31.8 in Gujarati sript:
સોમદત્તોઽથ કૌરવ્યો ભૂરિર્ભૂરિશ્રવાઃ શલઃ ।
અશ્વત્થામા કૃપો દ્રોણઃ સૈન્ધવશ્ચ જયદ્રથઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.31.8 in Malayalam sript:
സോമദത്തോഽഥ കൌരവ്യോ ഭൂരിര്ഭൂരിശ്രവാഃ ശലഃ ।
അശ്വത്ഥാമാ കൃപോ ദ്രോണഃ സൈന്ധവശ്ച ജയദ്രഥഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 2.31.8 in Telugu sript:
సోమదత్తోఽథ కౌరవ్యో భూరిర్భూరిశ్రవాః శలః ।
అశ్వత్థామా కృపో ద్రోణః సైన్ధవశ్చ జయద్రథః ॥ ౮ ॥

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