Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.9.19

विपाशा च शतद्रुश्च चन्द्रभागा सरस्वती ।
इरावती वितस्ता च सिन्धुर्देवनदस्तथा ॥ १९ ॥

vipāśā ca śatadruśca candrabhāgā sarasvatī |
irāvatī vitastā ca sindhurdevanadastathā || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...excellent vows, wait upon and worship in that mansion the illustrious Varuna, the deity bearing the noose as his weapon. And, O king, there are also the four oceans, the river Bhagirathee...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.9.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vipash, Vipasha, Shatadru, Candrabhaga, Sarasvat, Sarasvati, Iravat, Iravati, Vitasta, Sindhu, Devana, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.9.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vipāśā ca śatadruśca candrabhāgā sarasvatī
  • vipāśā -
  • vipāś (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    vipāśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śatadruś -
  • śatadru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • candrabhāgā -
  • candrabhāgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarasvatī -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sarasvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “irāvatī vitastā ca sindhurdevanadastathā
  • irāvatī -
  • irāvatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    irāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vitastā -
  • vitastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sindhur -
  • sindhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • devana -
  • devana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • das -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.9.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.9.19 in Kannada sript:
ವಿಪಾಶಾ ಚ ಶತದ್ರುಶ್ಚ ಚನ್ದ್ರಭಾಗಾ ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ।
ಇರಾವತೀ ವಿತಸ್ತಾ ಚ ಸಿನ್ಧುರ್ದೇವನದಸ್ತಥಾ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.9.19 in Bengali sript:
বিপাশা চ শতদ্রুশ্চ চন্দ্রভাগা সরস্বতী ।
ইরাবতী বিতস্তা চ সিন্ধুর্দেবনদস্তথা ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.9.19 in Gujarati sript:
વિપાશા ચ શતદ્રુશ્ચ ચન્દ્રભાગા સરસ્વતી ।
ઇરાવતી વિતસ્તા ચ સિન્ધુર્દેવનદસ્તથા ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.9.19 in Malayalam sript:
വിപാശാ ച ശതദ്രുശ്ച ചന്ദ്രഭാഗാ സരസ്വതീ ।
ഇരാവതീ വിതസ്താ ച സിന്ധുര്ദേവനദസ്തഥാ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 2.9.19 in Telugu sript:
విపాశా చ శతద్రుశ్చ చన్ద్రభాగా సరస్వతీ ।
ఇరావతీ వితస్తా చ సిన్ధుర్దేవనదస్తథా ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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