Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.8.11

भरतस्तथा सुरथः सुनीथो नैषधो नलः ।
दिवोदासोऽथ सुमना अम्बरीषो भगीरथः ॥ ११ ॥

bharatastathā surathaḥ sunītho naiṣadho nalaḥ |
divodāso'tha sumanā ambarīṣo bhagīrathaḥ || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...on cars beautiful as the car of Soma, and themselves looking as bright therein as Soma himself. This, O mighty armed monarch, is the assembly house, called Pushkaramalini, of Indra of a...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.8.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bharat, Bharata, Tatha, Suratha, Sunitha, Naishadha, Nala, Divodasa, Atha, Sumana, Sumanas, Ambarisha, Bhagiratha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.8.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bharatastathā surathaḥ sunītho naiṣadho nalaḥ
  • bharatas -
  • bharat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bharat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bharata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛ (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • surathaḥ -
  • suratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sur (verb class 6)
    [present active second dual]
  • sunītho* -
  • sunītha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naiṣadho* -
  • naiṣadha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nalaḥ -
  • nala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “divodāso'tha sumanā ambarīṣo bhagīrathaḥ
  • divodāso' -
  • divodāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
  • sumanā* -
  • sumana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sumanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sumanas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ambarīṣo* -
  • ambarīṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhagīrathaḥ -
  • bhagīratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.8.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.8.11 in Kannada sript:
ಭರತಸ್ತಥಾ ಸುರಥಃ ಸುನೀಥೋ ನೈಷಧೋ ನಲಃ ।
ದಿವೋದಾಸೋಽಥ ಸುಮನಾ ಅಮ್ಬರೀಷೋ ಭಗೀರಥಃ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.8.11 in Bengali sript:
ভরতস্তথা সুরথঃ সুনীথো নৈষধো নলঃ ।
দিবোদাসোঽথ সুমনা অম্বরীষো ভগীরথঃ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.8.11 in Gujarati sript:
ભરતસ્તથા સુરથઃ સુનીથો નૈષધો નલઃ ।
દિવોદાસોઽથ સુમના અમ્બરીષો ભગીરથઃ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.8.11 in Malayalam sript:
ഭരതസ്തഥാ സുരഥഃ സുനീഥോ നൈഷധോ നലഃ ।
ദിവോദാസോഽഥ സുമനാ അമ്ബരീഷോ ഭഗീരഥഃ ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 2.8.11 in Telugu sript:
భరతస్తథా సురథః సునీథో నైషధో నలః ।
దివోదాసోఽథ సుమనా అమ్బరీషో భగీరథః ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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