Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.4.23

श्रुतायुधश्च कालिङ्गो जयत्सेनश्च मागधः ।
सुशर्मा चेकितानश्च सुरथोऽमित्रकर्षणः ॥ २३ ॥

śrutāyudhaśca kāliṅgo jayatsenaśca māgadhaḥ |
suśarmā cekitānaśca suratho'mitrakarṣaṇaḥ || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that slayer of foes; Ketumata, Vasudana, and Vaideha and Kritakshana: Sudharman, Aniruddha, Srutayu endued with great strength; the invincible Anuparaja, the handsome Karmajit;...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shrutayudha, Kalinga, Jayatsena, Magadha, Magadhas, Susharman, Susharma, Cekitana, Suratha, Amitrakarshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.4.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “śrutāyudhaśca kāliṅgo jayatsenaśca māgadhaḥ
  • śrutāyudhaś -
  • śrutāyudha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāliṅgo* -
  • kāliṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jayatsenaś -
  • jayatsena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • māgadhaḥ -
  • māgadhas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    māgadha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line2: “suśarmā cekitānaśca suratho'mitrakarṣaṇaḥ
  • suśarmā -
  • suśarman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    suśarmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cekitānaś -
  • cekitāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • suratho' -
  • suratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sur (verb class 6)
    [present active second dual]
  • amitrakarṣaṇaḥ -
  • amitrakarṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.4.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.4.23 in Kannada sript:
ಶ್ರುತಾಯುಧಶ್ಚ ಕಾಲಿಙ್ಗೋ ಜಯತ್ಸೇನಶ್ಚ ಮಾಗಧಃ ।
ಸುಶರ್ಮಾ ಚೇಕಿತಾನಶ್ಚ ಸುರಥೋಽಮಿತ್ರಕರ್ಷಣಃ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.4.23 in Bengali sript:
শ্রুতাযুধশ্চ কালিঙ্গো জযত্সেনশ্চ মাগধঃ ।
সুশর্মা চেকিতানশ্চ সুরথোঽমিত্রকর্ষণঃ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.4.23 in Gujarati sript:
શ્રુતાયુધશ્ચ કાલિઙ્ગો જયત્સેનશ્ચ માગધઃ ।
સુશર્મા ચેકિતાનશ્ચ સુરથોઽમિત્રકર્ષણઃ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.4.23 in Malayalam sript:
ശ്രുതായുധശ്ച കാലിങ്ഗോ ജയത്സേനശ്ച മാഗധഃ ।
സുശര്മാ ചേകിതാനശ്ച സുരഥോഽമിത്രകര്ഷണഃ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 2.4.23 in Telugu sript:
శ్రుతాయుధశ్చ కాలిఙ్గో జయత్సేనశ్చ మాగధః ।
సుశర్మా చేకితానశ్చ సురథోఽమిత్రకర్షణః ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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