Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 2.4.20

सततं कम्पयामास यवनानेक एव यः ।
यथासुरान्कालकेयान्देवो वज्रधरस्तथा ॥ २० ॥

satataṃ kampayāmāsa yavanāneka eva yaḥ |
yathāsurānkālakeyāndevo vajradharastathā || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...tremble at his name just as the god that wields the thunder-bolt makes those Asuras, the Kalakeyas, tremble before him; Jatasura, and the king of the Madrakas, Kunti, Pulinda the king...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Satatam, Satata, Yavana, Eka, Eva, Yah, Yatha, Asura, Kalakeya, Deva, Devri, Vajradhara, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 2.4.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “satataṃ kampayāmāsa yavanāneka eva yaḥ
  • satatam -
  • satatam (indeclinable)
    satata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satatā (noun, feminine)
  • kampayāmā -
  • kamp (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
  • yavanān -
  • yavana (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • eka* -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yathāsurānkālakeyāndevo vajradharastathā
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • asurān -
  • asura (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kālakeyān -
  • kālakeya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • devo* -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    devṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • vajradharas -
  • vajradhara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 2.4.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 2.4.20 in Kannada sript:
ಸತತಂ ಕಮ್ಪಯಾಮಾಸ ಯವನಾನೇಕ ಏವ ಯಃ ।
ಯಥಾಸುರಾನ್ಕಾಲಕೇಯಾನ್ದೇವೋ ವಜ್ರಧರಸ್ತಥಾ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 2.4.20 in Bengali sript:
সততং কম্পযামাস যবনানেক এব যঃ ।
যথাসুরান্কালকেযান্দেবো বজ্রধরস্তথা ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 2.4.20 in Gujarati sript:
સતતં કમ્પયામાસ યવનાનેક એવ યઃ ।
યથાસુરાન્કાલકેયાન્દેવો વજ્રધરસ્તથા ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 2.4.20 in Malayalam sript:
സതതം കമ്പയാമാസ യവനാനേക ഏവ യഃ ।
യഥാസുരാന്കാലകേയാന്ദേവോ വജ്രധരസ്തഥാ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 2.4.20 in Telugu sript:
సతతం కమ్పయామాస యవనానేక ఏవ యః ।
యథాసురాన్కాలకేయాన్దేవో వజ్రధరస్తథా ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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