Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.220.11

देवा ऊचुः ।
ऋणिनो मानवा ब्रह्मञ्जायन्ते येन तच्छृणु ।
क्रियाभिर्ब्रह्मचर्येण प्रजया च न संशयः ॥ ११ ॥

devā ūcuḥ |
ṛṇino mānavā brahmañjāyante yena tacchṛṇu |
kriyābhirbrahmacaryeṇa prajayā ca na saṃśayaḥ || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...vomiting from their throats (mouths?) iron balls and bullets, and catapults for propelling huge stones, and rockets, they approached to strike Krishna and Partha, their energy and strength...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.220.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Deva, Rinin, Manava, Jayanta, Yena, Yah, Yat, Tat, Tad, Kriya, Brahmacarya, Praja, Samshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.220.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “devā ūcuḥ
  • devā* -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ūcuḥ -
  • uc (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “ṛṇino mānavā brahmañjāyante yena tacchṛṇu
  • ṛṇino* -
  • ṛṇin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ṛṇin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • mānavā* -
  • mānava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • brahmañ -
  • brahmā (noun, feminine)
  • jāyante -
  • jāyanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural]
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 3: “kriyābhirbrahmacaryeṇa prajayā ca na saṃśayaḥ
  • kriyābhir -
  • kriyā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • brahmacaryeṇa -
  • brahmacarya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • prajayā -
  • prajā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃśayaḥ -
  • saṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.220.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.220.11 in Kannada sript:
ದೇವಾ ಊಚುಃ ।
ಋಣಿನೋ ಮಾನವಾ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಞ್ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ಯೇನ ತಚ್ಛೃಣು ।
ಕ್ರಿಯಾಭಿರ್ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಚರ್ಯೇಣ ಪ್ರಜಯಾ ಚ ನ ಸಂಶಯಃ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.220.11 in Bengali sript:
দেবা ঊচুঃ ।
ঋণিনো মানবা ব্রহ্মঞ্জাযন্তে যেন তচ্ছৃণু ।
ক্রিযাভির্ব্রহ্মচর্যেণ প্রজযা চ ন সংশযঃ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.220.11 in Gujarati sript:
દેવા ઊચુઃ ।
ઋણિનો માનવા બ્રહ્મઞ્જાયન્તે યેન તચ્છૃણુ ।
ક્રિયાભિર્બ્રહ્મચર્યેણ પ્રજયા ચ ન સંશયઃ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.220.11 in Malayalam sript:
ദേവാ ഊചുഃ ।
ഋണിനോ മാനവാ ബ്രഹ്മഞ്ജായന്തേ യേന തച്ഛൃണു ।
ക്രിയാഭിര്ബ്രഹ്മചര്യേണ പ്രജയാ ച ന സംശയഃ ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.220.11 in Telugu sript:
దేవా ఊచుః ।
ఋణినో మానవా బ్రహ్మఞ్జాయన్తే యేన తచ్ఛృణు ।
క్రియాభిర్బ్రహ్మచర్యేణ ప్రజయా చ న సంశయః ॥ ౧౧ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: