Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.216.1

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
एवमुक्तस्तु भगवान्धूमकेतुर्हुताशनः ।
चिन्तयामास वरुणं लोकपालं दिदृक्षया ।
आदित्यमुदके देवं निवसन्तं जलेश्वरम् ॥ १ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
evamuktastu bhagavāndhūmaketurhutāśanaḥ |
cintayāmāsa varuṇaṃ lokapālaṃ didṛkṣayā |
ādityamudake devaṃ nivasantaṃ jaleśvaram || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...excellent wines. Some began to obstruct one another’s progress and some to fight with one another, and to discourse with one another in private. Those mansions and the woods, filled with...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.216.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Evam, Eva, Ukta, Bhagavat, Dhumaketu, Hutashana, Varuna, Lokapala, Didriksha, Aditya, Udaka, Deva, Vasanta, Vasat, Jaleshvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.216.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “evamuktastu bhagavāndhūmaketurhutāśanaḥ
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktas -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhagavān -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhūmaketur -
  • dhūmaketu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    dhūmaketu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • hutāśanaḥ -
  • hutāśana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “cintayāmāsa varuṇaṃ lokapālaṃ didṛkṣayā
  • cintayāmā -
  • cint (verb class 10)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • varuṇam -
  • varuṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    varuṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • lokapālam -
  • lokapāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    lokapālā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • didṛkṣayā -
  • didṛkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 4: “ādityamudake devaṃ nivasantaṃ jaleśvaram
  • ādityam -
  • āditya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āditya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ādityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • udake -
  • udaka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • devam -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    devan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vasantam -
  • vasanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vasantā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vas -> vasat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vas class 1 verb]
  • jaleśvaram -
  • jaleśvara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.216.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.216.1 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಏವಮುಕ್ತಸ್ತು ಭಗವಾನ್ಧೂಮಕೇತುರ್ಹುತಾಶನಃ ।
ಚಿನ್ತಯಾಮಾಸ ವರುಣಂ ಲೋಕಪಾಲಂ ದಿದೃಕ್ಷಯಾ ।
ಆದಿತ್ಯಮುದಕೇ ದೇವಂ ನಿವಸನ್ತಂ ಜಲೇಶ್ವರಮ್ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.216.1 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
এবমুক্তস্তু ভগবান্ধূমকেতুর্হুতাশনঃ ।
চিন্তযামাস বরুণং লোকপালং দিদৃক্ষযা ।
আদিত্যমুদকে দেবং নিবসন্তং জলেশ্বরম্ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.216.1 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
એવમુક્તસ્તુ ભગવાન્ધૂમકેતુર્હુતાશનઃ ।
ચિન્તયામાસ વરુણં લોકપાલં દિદૃક્ષયા ।
આદિત્યમુદકે દેવં નિવસન્તં જલેશ્વરમ્ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.216.1 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
ഏവമുക്തസ്തു ഭഗവാന്ധൂമകേതുര്ഹുതാശനഃ ।
ചിന്തയാമാസ വരുണം ലോകപാലം ദിദൃക്ഷയാ ।
ആദിത്യമുദകേ ദേവം നിവസന്തം ജലേശ്വരമ് ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.216.1 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
ఏవముక్తస్తు భగవాన్ధూమకేతుర్హుతాశనః ।
చిన్తయామాస వరుణం లోకపాలం దిదృక్షయా ।
ఆదిత్యముదకే దేవం నివసన్తం జలేశ్వరమ్ ॥ ౧ ॥

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